When you use these products your family might breathe mercury vapors or might become exposed by using things like washcloths or towels contaminated with mercury. In the database, 266 reports on skin lightening products were identified. However, a non-linear relationship was detected. Until data from these studies are available, women should be advised not to use topical skin-lightening creams during pregnancy and lactation. Their cognitive performance and visual-motor integration were also measured using the Test of Non-Verbal Intelligence (TONI) and the Beery-Visual-Motor Integration (Beery VMI), respectively. Alfabeta. It is known that prenatal, postnatal, and early childhood exposure to mercury or lead can cause infertility, fetal defects, disorders of the nervous system, and behavioral and concentration disorders (Al-Saleh, 2016; Caito and Aschner, 2017; Hon et al., 2017; Karita et al., 2016). In Clinical Toxicology. European Environmental Bureau. Estimation of the urine mercury concentration is the best marker of exposure to inorganic mercury and indicator of body burden. Sellers and distributors who market mercury-containing skin whitening or lightening creams in the U.S. may be subject to enforcement action, including seizure of products, injunctions, and, in some situations, criminal prosecution. (1987) presented a black mother from Brussels, Belgium, who had used a soap containing 1% mercury, as mercuric iodide, for 15 years, including during pregnancy and lactation. A pristine site, the Tully Gorge National Park upstream of sugarcane fields, was selected for background Hg concentration estimation. In soils, Hg levels ranged from 18 to 264gkg1, with one of the soil samples being almost 10 times higher than at other sites at the surface level (199gkg1).
Characteristics of mercury intoxication induced by skin-lightening products. Organic forms such as phenyl mercuric acetate are sometimes used as cosmetic preservatives, and inorganic forms, such as ammoniated mercury, are the active ingredients in skin-lightening creams (Marzulli and Brown, 1972). Therefore, to achieve the goals of the Minamata treaty and to safeguard the health of children, low levels of mercury exposure (in any chemical form) needs to be further reduced whether the source is environmental (air- and food-borne) or iatrogenic (pediatric TCVs). Thats why its so important for consumers and sellers to know about the dangers of possible mercury poisoning associated with the use of these skin products. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you're on a federal government site. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email. Toxic effects of mercury on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. RV95s were derived using data from two different human biomonitoring studies measured three metals in the blood (20052006), and both urine and blood (20112013) from healthy non-smokers and non-occupationally exposed women living in Al-Kharj and Riyadh.
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. SEPTIANA BAYASARI, P.; ANWAR, A. I. But as you wade through the beauty aisles, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration cautions that you should avoid skin creams, beauty and antiseptic soaps, and lotions that contain mercury. https://doi.org/10.17305/bjbms.2020.4759, Rhee, J., Vance, T. M., Lim, R., Christiani, D. C., Qureshi, A. Babies may be particularly sensitive to the harm mercury can cause to their developing brains and nervous systems. Health Canadas draft guidance on heavy-metal impurities in cosmetics specifies a limit of 3, Many studies worldwide have reported the presence of high mercury contents in skin-lightening, including countries with strict legislation as shown in Table 1. Assessment. This commentary aims to collate information on the popular use of mercury-containing skin-lightening creams and sheds the light to the readers about the limitations of the available data on its impact during a prenatal and/or postnatal period. Despite the certitude that promulgates single environmental neurotoxicants, empirical comparisons of combined exposures indicate that Hg-related outcome is uneven. RV95s for metals in blood were generally higher than in other countries, except for mercury in Riyadh samples, which was also 4-fold lower than in Al-Kharj. Get regular FDA email updates delivered on this topic to your inbox. The danger isnt just to people who use mercury-containing products but also to their families. https://doi.org/10.4103/0366-6999.220312, World Health Organization (WHO). Heavy metal contamination is one of the emerging causes that have had an adverse impact on human health. The U.S. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry has ranked it in the top three priority pollutants that have a great impact on human health . Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China; Prince of Wales Hospital Poison Treatment Centre, Toxicokinetics. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/460508, Chan, T. Y. K. (2011). ; ILYAS, F. In Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 1475-1484, International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, Volume 389, 2015, pp. Association of blood mercury levels with nonmelanoma skin cancer in the U.S.A. using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (20032016).
The kidneys are the major site of inorganic mercury deposition; renal damage includes reversible proteinuria, acute tubular necrosis and nephrotic syndrome.
The use of skin-lightening creams has become a common practice among women for cosmetics purposes (Olumide et al., 2008, Adawe and Oberg, 2013). Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China, /doi/full/10.3109/15563650.2011.626425?needAccess=true. In contrast, the children's Beery VMI Age Equivalent scores were positively and significantly associated with the hair methylmercury of the mothers (=0.214, 95%CI=0.088, 3.899) and their infants (=0.256, 95%CI=0.396, 4.488). https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/949048, Hamann, C. R., Boonchai, W., Wen, L., Sakanashi, E. N., Chu, C. Y., Hamann, K., Hamann, C. P., Sinniah, K., & Hamann, D. (2014). The products are usually marketed as skin lighteners and anti-aging treatments that remove age spots, freckles, blemishes, and wrinkles. The present work investigates the ability of Typha domingensis to accumulate mercury under field conditions. Furthermore, mercury can cause women infertility and birth defects. Avenida Sulim Abramovitc, 100 - Centro, Vargem Grande Paulista - SP, 06730-000 E-mail: email@example.com | WhatsApp +55 11 98679-6000. British Journal of Dermatology. Features. (2014) found 6.0% of 549 tested products contained mercury above 1000ppm. Thats also a sign that the product may be marketed illegally. Reports of skin-lightening cosmetic products containing mercury and cases of mercury poisoning following the use of such products were identified using Medline (1950 28 March 2011) with mercury, mercury compounds, mercury poisoning, cosmetics and skin absorption as the subject headings. The metal contents were found to be homogenous and stable for a period of 14 days at 46C (short-term stability) and over a period of at least 6 months at ambient temperature (long-term stability). According to a 2015 report by global industry analysts covering major geographic regions such as the USA, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (China, India, and Rest of Asia-Pacific), and Rest of World (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/1056077/), the market for skin-lightening creams is projected to reach US$23.0 billion by 2020. Studies have shown that prenatal and postnatal mercury exposure can cause permanent neurological damage in children. Fernandes Azevedo, B., Barros Furieri, L., Peanha, F. M. I., Wiggers, G. A., Frizera Vassallo, P., Ronacher Simes, M., Fiorim, J., Rossi De Batista, P., Fioresi, M., Rossoni, L., Stefanon, I., Alonso, M. J., Salaices, M., & Valentim Vassallo, D. (2012). These searches identified 118 citations of which 31 were relevant.