second in command requirements


(3) The instrument proficiency check must be given by -. (2) If rated to act as pilot in command of the aircraft, an airline transport pilot may log all flight time while acting as pilot in command of an operation requiring an airline transport pilot certificate. (b) Committing an act prohibited by 91.17(a) or 91.19(a) of this chapter is grounds for: (1) Denial of an application for a certificate, rating, or authorization issued under this part for a period of up to 1 year after the date of that act; or. (1) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, no person may act as a pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers or of an aircraft certificated for more than one pilot flight crewmember unless that person has made at least three takeoffs and three landings within the preceding 90 days, and -, (i) The person acted as the sole manipulator of the flight controls; and. (iii) The most recently issued Authorization for a Special Issuance of a Medical Certificate cannot have been withdrawn; and. You can learn more about the process (2) Act as second in command of a civil aircraft during Category II operations unless that person -. 91.533 - Flight attendant requirements. Use of this website constitutes acceptance of our. Night vision goggles means an appliance worn by a pilot that enhances the pilot's ability to maintain visual surface reference at night. (iii) Date the knowledge test was taken, if appropriate. (2) A private or commercial pilot certificate issued before July 1, 1945. 61.5 - Certificates and ratings issued under this part. (3) A pilot certificate with a lighter-than-air or free-balloon rating issued before July 1, 1945. (1) An applicant for an airman certificate, rating, or authorization under this part must make that application on a form and in a manner acceptable to the Administrator. (a) The holder of a certificate issued under this part may voluntarily surrender it for: (2) Issuance of a lower grade certificate; or. (ii) The name of the safety pilot, if required. (2) An authorized instructor may log instrument time when conducting instrument flight instruction in actual instrument flight conditions. If you have questions for the Agency that issued the current document please contact the agency directly. (c) If an applicant fails any area of operation, that applicant fails the practical test. (iii) Any Federal, State, or local law enforcement officer. (d) A private or commercial pilot certificate that was issued after June 30, 1945, and that bears an expiration date, may have that pilot certificate reissued without an expiration date. slave patrol mentality context trayvon murder martin (d) No person may operate an aircraft under subpart K of this part without a pilot who is designated as second in command of that aircraft in accordance with 91.1049(d). (C) That involves the use of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the landing point. an airline transport pilot certificate for second-in-command privileges (other than the operations specified in paragraph (d)(1) of this section), a commercial pilot certificate, or an air traffic control tower operator certificate. (iii) For a glider, in a single-engine airplane or a glider. (f) The familiarization training requirements of paragraph (b) of this section do not apply to a person who is: (1) Designated and qualified as pilot in command under subpart K of part 91, part 121, 125, or 135 of this chapter in that specific type of aircraft; (2) Designated as the second in command under subpart K of part 91, part 121, 125, or 135 of this chapter in that specific type of aircraft; (3) Designated as the second in command in that specific type of aircraft for the purpose of receiving flight training required by this section, and no passengers or cargo are carried on the aircraft; or. (2) Definitions. (f) If all increments of the practical test for a certificate or rating are not completed on the same date, then all the remaining increments of the test must be completed within 2 calendar months after the month the applicant began the test. (3) For the purposes of logging instrument time to meet the recent instrument experience requirements of 61.57(c) of this part, the following information must be recorded in the person's logbook -, (i) The location and type of each instrument approach accomplished; and. A person may be authorized to operate without a type rating for up to 60 days an aircraft requiring a type rating, provided -. (D) That pilot has accomplished and logged at least 3 takeoffs and 3 landings to a full stop, as the sole manipulator of the flight controls, in a turbine-powered airplane that requires more than one pilot crewmember. (iv) Scheduled international air services, or nonscheduled international air transportation for compensation or hire, in airplanes having a payload capacity of more than 7,500 pounds. (i) Operational procedures applicable to the powerplant, equipment, and systems. Examiner means any person who is authorized by the Administrator to conduct a pilot proficiency test or a practical test for an airman certificate or rating issued under this part, or a person who is authorized to conduct a knowledge test under this part. Docket No. (i) Serves as a required pilot flight crewmember; (ii) Receives training from an authorized instructor in an aircraft, full flight simulator, flight training device, or aviation training device; (iii) Gives training as an authorized instructor in an aircraft, full flight simulator, flight training device, or aviation training device; or. No. Set of aircraft means aircraft that share similar performance characteristics, such as similar airspeed and altitude operating envelopes, similar handling characteristics, and the same number and type of propulsion systems. (3) Proficiency of the applicant can be observed by an examiner who is in a position to observe the applicant. (2) An applicant for a certificate or rating may use an aircraft with operating characteristics that preclude the applicant from performing all of the tasks required for the practical test. (3) If the FAA Flight Standardization Board report, FAA-approved aircraft flight manual, or aircraft type certification data sheet allows the pilot flight crew complement to be either a single pilot, or a pilot and a copilot, then the applicant may demonstrate single pilot proficiency or have a copilot on the practical test. (e) A person is not required to comply with the provisions of paragraph (a)(6) of this section if that person: (1) Holds a foreign pilot license issued by a contracting State to the Convention on International Civil Aviation that authorizes at least the privileges of the pilot certificate sought; (2) Is only applying for a type rating; or. (i) An applicant when taking a practical test given by an examiner; (ii) The holder of a student pilot certificate; (iii) The holder of a pilot certificate when operating an aircraft under the authority of -. 61.16 - Refusal to submit to an alcohol test or to furnish test results. (2) Received a logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor who has found the person proficient in the operation of the aircraft and its systems. (h) Category A aircraft pilot authorization. 615 (49 U.S.C. The authorization contains any conditions that the Administrator finds necessary for safe operation. (3) A ground instructor certificate issued under this part is not necessary -. (f) Light-sport aircraft with a single seat. (i) A person who holds a ground instructor certificate issued under part 61 of this chapter and is in compliance with 61.217, when conducting ground training in accordance with the privileges and limitations of his or her ground instructor certificate; (ii) A person who holds a flight instructor certificate issued under part 61 of this chapter and is in compliance with 61.197, when conducting ground training or flight training in accordance with the privileges and limitations of his or her flight instructor certificate; or. (1) A person may log night vision goggle time only for the time the person uses night vision goggles as the primary visual reference of the surface and operates: (i) An aircraft during a night vision goggle operation; or. (j) A pilot-in-command of a turbojet powered aircraft that is type certificated for one pilot does not have to comply with the pilot-in-command proficiency check requirements in paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section until October 31, 2012. (a) A person may credit flight training toward the requirements of a pilot certificate or rating issued under this part, if that person received the training from: (1) A flight instructor of an Armed Force in a program for training military pilots of either -. (4) Designated as a safety pilot for purposes required by 91.109 of this chapter. [Docket FAA-2016-6142, Amdt. (d) Simulated instrument flight equipment. (a) The following certificates are issued under this part to an applicant who satisfactorily accomplishes the training and certification requirements for the certificate sought: (b) The following ratings are placed on a pilot certificate (other than student pilot) when an applicant satisfactorily accomplishes the training and certification requirements for the rating sought: (5) Weight-shift-control aircraft class ratings -. Aviation training device means a training device, other than a full flight simulator or flight training device, that has been evaluated, qualified, and approved by the Administrator. (v) Training received in a full flight simulator, flight training device, or aviation training device from an authorized instructor. (7) Intentionally cause, assist, or participate in any act prohibited by this paragraph.

(a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b), (c), and (e) of this section, to be eligible for a practical test for a certificate or rating issued under this part, an applicant must: (i) Within the 24-calendar-month period preceding the month the applicant completes the practical test, if a knowledge test is required; or. Knowledge test means a test on the aeronautical knowledge areas required for an airman certificate or rating that can be administered in written form or by a computer. (2) Paragraph (b) of this section if that person holds a U.S. driver's license. (4) To meet the experience requirements of paragraph (c)(3) of this section, and for the practical test required by this part for a Category II or a Category III pilot authorization, a flight simulator or flight training device may be used if it is approved by the Administrator for such use. an airline transport pilot certificate for pilot-in-command privileges, for second-in-command privileges in a flag or supplemental operation in part 121 requiring three or more pilots, or for a pilot flightcrew member in part 121 operations who has reached his or her 60th birthday. (c) Except as provided in paragraphs (d), (e), and (g) of this section, no person may act as pilot in command of an aircraft unless, since the beginning of the 24th calendar month before the month in which that pilot acts as pilot in command, that person has -, (1) Accomplished a flight review given in an aircraft for which that pilot is rated by an authorized instructor and. Title 14 was last amended 6/02/2022. (c) An airline transport pilot certificate that was issued after April 30, 1949, and that bears an expiration date but does not contain a horsepower limitation, may have that airline transport pilot certificate re-issued without an expiration date. Aeronautical experience means pilot time obtained in an aircraft, flight simulator, or flight training device for meeting the appropriate training and flight time requirements for an airman certificate, rating, flight review, or recency of flight experience requirements of this part.
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