southern yellow pine wood database


The reason that it matters what the MC was when the SG was determined is that the volume of a wood sample will shrink when it is dried down from high MC values to lower MC values. Copyright 20082022 Eric Meier. The specific links on this site are affiliate links (as an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases) and help support the site at no extra cost to you. A sample at 12 % MC will be 1.2% larger in volume (swells 12 * 0.1%). See other common name Muninga for verified SG for this same botanical name. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is reddish brown, sapwood is yellowish white and is distinct from the heartwood. Distribution: Southeastern United States, though also widely grown on plantations, Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 35 lbs/ft3 (570 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .47, .57, Modulus of Rupture: 13,100 lbf/in2 (90.3 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,750,000 lbf/in2 (12.10 GPa), Crushing Strength: 7,270 lbf/in2 (50.1 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.6%, Tangential: 7.7%, Volumetric: 12.3%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. See other common name Hura for verified SG for this same botanical name. Odor: Has a distinct smell that is shared among most species in the Pinus genus. Im also interested in getting photos of completed wood projectsespecially of obscure or lesser known woods. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. See other common name Scots Pine for verified SG for this same botanical name. Comments: Shortleaf Pine is considered to be in the group of southern yellow pines, and shares many characteristics with other species of this group (Longleaf, Slash, and Loblolly Pine) such as being: hard, dense, and possessing an excellent strength-to-weight ratio. Rot Resistance: The heartwood is rated as moderate to low in decay resistance. ), You can help support the site by buying one of these resources, designed and published by The Wood Database. See other common name Pacific Madrone for verified SG for this same botanical name. Interior North includes the remainder of Oregon and Washington and the States of Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming. Specific Gravity resources: *. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. See other common name English Oak for verified SG for this same botanical name. Its a member of the White Pine group, and is sold with other species interchangeably. There is of course no obligation, but if youd like to give back and ensure that the project continues to grow, consider supporting me on Patreon. See other common name True Mahogany for verified SG for this same botanical name. For our customers' convenience, we have calibrated our meter's species settings in terms of specific gravity.*. See other common name Northern Red Oak for verified SG for this same botanical name. Endgrain: Large resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary ; earlywood to latewood transitionabrupt, color contrast high; tracheid diameter medium-large. Donating wood samples and pictures of wood items, Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Ash Wood: Black, White, and Everything in Between, Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae. It should be noted that a wood sample will not begin shrinking significantly until the MC drops below fiber saturation point, which is generally between 28% and 32%, so we use 30% as the average fiber saturation point. ), You can help support the site by buying one of these resources, designed and published by The Wood Database. According to USDA Forest Service, Forest Product Laboratory. See other common name Subalpine fir for verified SG for this same botanical name. See other common name Limba for verified SG for this same botanical name. A great wood for making artists stretchers for art canvases. Distribution: Central America and the Caribbean; also grown on plantations worldwide, Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 39lbs/ft3 (625 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .51, .63, Modulus of Rupture: 13,340 lbf/in2 (92.0 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,745,000 lbf/in2 (12.03 GPa), Crushing Strength: 7,890 lbf/in2 (54.4 MPa), Shrinkage:Radial: 6.3%, Tangential: 7.8%, Volumetric: 12.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.2. "See other common name Ipe for verified SG for this same botanical name.". Sustainability:This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern. So, in this specific case, the 12 % MC referenced SG value will be slightly less than the published value referenced at 0% MC. ), You can help support the site by buying one of these resources, designed and published by The Wood Database. We included Douglas-fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii) Coast (.48)*, Interior West (.50)*, Interior North (.48)*, Interior South (.46)* to come up with an average SG of (.48)* *Coast type Douglas-fir is defined as Douglas-fir growing in the States of Oregon and Washington west of the summit of the Cascade Mountains. (The other two primary soft pine species areEastern White Pine and Western White Pine.) Some online and other technical references that cite specific gravity (SG) values for different wood species list the SG when the wood is a different MC other than 12%. Copyright 2022 Wagner Meters. See other common name Spanish Cedar for verified SG for this same botanical name. The wood of Sugar Pine is classified as white pine: this group is sometimes called soft pine, in contrast to the harder yellow pines found in the eastern United States. According to USDA Forest Service, Forest Product Laboratory, Wood Handbook page 2-8, Soft maple includes silver maple (Acer saccharinum) (.47)*, red maple (A. rubrum) (.54)*, bigleaf maple (A.macrophyllum) (.48)*, and boxelder (A. negundo) (.45)** Specific Gravity resources: Forest Products Laboratory Techsheets Calculated from Dry (0%) MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76, WoodWorkersSource Wood Library Calculated from Dry (0%) MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76, WoodWorkersSource Wood Library Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76, WoodWorkersSource Wood Library Calculated from Dry (0%) MC values by Wagner, The Wood Database Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner, The Wood Database Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76, Tropicaltimber Calculated from Green MC values by Wagner applying an acceptable volumetric shrinkage approximation per USDA GTR FPL-GTL-76. Im also interested in getting photos of completed wood projectsespecially of obscure or lesser known woods. Donating wood samples and pictures of wood items, Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Ash Wood: Black, White, and Everything in Between, Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae. Wagner chose to calibrate its meters at a nominal 12% MC because this is close to where most wood will be in service and will be measured by our meters. Is your sugar pine endgrain pic upside-down? In most cases, with unverified species, these species have the same botanical name as the verified version but just a different common name.

The published specific gravity values are the average for each species. See other common name Obeche for verified SG for this same botanical name. Distribution: Mountainous regions of Pacific coast of United States, Tree Size: 130-200 ft (40-60 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 25 lbs/ft3 (400 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .34, .40, Modulus of Rupture: 8,200 lbf/in2 (56.6 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lbf/in2 (8.21 GPa), Crushing Strength: 4,460 lbf/in2 (30.8 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 2.9%, Tangential: 5.6%, Volumetric: 7.9%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. See other common name Pacific Silver Fir for verified SG for this same botanical name. See other common name Slash pine for verified SG for this same botanical name. See other common name Sweetgum for verified SG for this same botanical name. See other common name Red Alder for verified SG for this same botanical name.

See other common name Eucalyptus for verified SG for this same botanical name. See other common name Eastern White Pine for verified SG for this same botanical name. Support me directly through PatreonIf youve been helped by the Wood Database, consider saying thanks and helping to support the project. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is reddish brown, sapwood is yellowish white. See other common name American linden for verified SG for this same botanical name. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private. Common Uses: Crates, boxes, interior millwork,construction lumber, andmusical instruments (piano keys). Poplar, Cottonwood, and Aspen: Whats What? See other common name Red Pine for verified SG for this same botanical name. ", "See other common name Black locust for verified SG for this same botanical name. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private. As the weight stays the same during shrinkage, the volume decreases. See other common name Green Ash for verified SG for this same botanical name. See other common name African Padauk for verified SG for this same botanical name. Scans/Pictures: There are currently no pictures of this exact wood species, but a similar species within thePinus genus is being substituted (P.palustris). Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Four Common Finishing Mistakes (and how to avoid them). Sustainability:This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern. Wagner has compiled species average specific gravity (SG) values (wood volume at 12% moisture content (MC) and oven-dry weight) from industry-accepted 3rd-party sources (USDA Forest Products Laboratory as an example) and provides this list for free with no implied warranty. Specific Gravity (SG) Values of Wood and Their Referenced Moisture Content. Workability: Sugar Pine is easy to work with both hand and machine tools.
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