part 135 second in command requirements


(b) The number of propeller featherings in flight, listed by type of propeller and engine and aircraft on which it was installed. (4) Each person who applies for provisional approval of an Advanced Qualification Program curriculum, curriculum segment, or portion of a curriculum segment under subpart Y of part 121 of this chapter of 14 CFR part 121 and each person employed or used by an air carrier or commercial operator under this part to perform training, qualification, or evaluation functions under an Advanced Qualification Program under subpart Y of part 121 of this chapter of 14 CFR part 121.

(b) The pilot who conducts the check shall determine whether the pilot being checked satisfactorily performs the duties and responsibilities of a pilot in command in operations under this part, and shall so certify in the pilot training record. Information obtained from the record may be used to assist in determining the cause of accidents or occurrences in connection with investigations. (iii) In the case of liner installations approved prior to March 20, 1989, aluminum. (3) Provide and keep current for each aircraft type used and, if applicable, the particular variations within the aircraft type, appropriate training material, examinations, forms, instructions, and procedures for use in conducting the training and checks required by this subpart. (5) The date the person is to complete hazardous materials training in accordance with Appendix O of part 121 of this chapter. (e) A HEMES assignment may not exceed 72 consecutive hours at the hospital. Whether you plan to stay up-to-date on the latest operational information critical to your job function or discover a new vendor or supplier in the growing exhibit hall, youll want to make plans to attend SDC2023. (b) Flight locating information shall be retained at the certificate holder's principal place of business, or at other places designated by the certificate holder in the flight locating procedures, until the completion of the flight. EBACE2026 will bring together business leaders, government officials, manufacturers, flight department personnel, avionics firms, fractional providers, charter/lease companies and all manner of people involved in nearly every aspect of business aviation. (1) Holds the airman certificates and ratings required to serve as a pilot in command in operations under this part; (2) Has satisfactorily completed the training phases for the aircraft, including recurrent training, that are required to serve as a pilot in command in operations under this part; (3) Has satisfactorily completed the proficiency or competency checks that are required to serve as a pilot in command in operations under this part; (4) Has satisfactorily completed the applicable training requirements of 135.339; (5) Holds at least a Class III medical certificate unless serving as a required crewmember, in which case holds a Class I or Class II medical certificate as appropriate. Initial and transition training and checking: Check airmen (aircraft), check airmen (simulator). (g) The initial and transition flight training for a flight instructor (simulator) must include the following: (1) Training and practice in the required normal, abnormal, and emergency procedures to ensure competence to conduct the flight instruction required by this part. No. (b) The observation check required by paragraph (a)(2) of this section is considered to have been completed in the month required if completed in the calendar month before or the calendar month after the month in which it is due. (1) Holds applicable training specifications issued under part 142 of this chapter; (2) Has facilities, training equipment, and courseware meeting the applicable requirements of part 142 of this chapter; (3) Has approved curriculums, curriculum segments, and portions of curriculum segments applicable for use in training courses required by this subpart; and. Discrete GPS, INS, VOR/DME, MLS, Localizer Glideslope.

(e) A military courier or a military route supervisor carried by a military cargo contract air carrier or commercial operator in operations under a military cargo contract, if that carriage is specifically authorized by the appropriate military service. In addition, tests of the ice protection system must be conducted to demonstrate that the airplane is capable of operating safely in continuous maximum and intermittent maximum icing conditions as described in appendix C of part 25 of this chapter. (1) The pilot is employed by the certificate holder; (2) It can be shown to the satisfaction of the Administrator that each pilot authorized to perform required inspections is properly trained and qualified; (3) The required inspection is a result of a mechanical interruption and is not a part of a certificate holder's continuous airworthiness maintenance program; (4) Each item is inspected after each flight until the item has been inspected by an appropriately certificated mechanic other than the one who originally performed the item of work; and. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (j) of this section, no pilot may begin the final approach segment of an instrument approach procedure to an airport unless the latest weather reported by the facility described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section indicates that weather conditions are at or above the authorized IFR landing minimums for that procedure. (b) If the proposed training program or revision complies with this subpart, the Administrator grants initial approval in writing after which the certificate holder may conduct the training under that program. (4) For the purposes of this paragraph (b) only, the following definitions apply: (i) ETOPS qualified person: A person is ETOPS qualified when that person satisfactorily completes the operator's ETOPS training program and is authorized by the certificate holder. (d) Each certificate holder shall relieve each flight crewmember engaged in scheduled air transportation from all further duty for at least 24 consecutive hours during any 7 consecutive days. Certificate holders conducting operators conducting operations under this part must comply with the applicable security requirements in 49 CFR chapter XII. (a) Except as provided in 135.99 and 135.111, unless two pilots are required by this chapter for operations under VFR, a person may operate an aircraft without a second in command, if it is equipped with an operative approved autopilot system and the use of that system is authorized by appropriate operations specifications. For transport category airplanes type certificated after January 1, 1958: (1) For airplanes manufactured before September 2, 2005, when thermal/acoustic insulation is installed in the fuselage as replacements after September 2, 2005, the insulation must meet the flame propagation requirements of 25.856 of this chapter, effective September 2, 2003, if it is: (2) For airplanes manufactured after September 2, 2005, thermal/acoustic insulation materials installed in the fuselage must meet the flame propagation requirements of 25.856 of this chapter, effective September 2, 2003. means to prevent articles of baggage stowed under it from sliding under crash impacts severe enough to induce the ultimate inertia forces specified in the emergency landing condition regulations under which the aircraft was type certificated. (b) of Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. (b) Without regard to paragraph (a) of this section, if the Administrator finds that safe operations are not impaired, a person may operate the airplane at an altitude that allows the airplane, in case of engine failure, to clear all obstructions within five miles on each side of the intended track by 1,000 feet. (ii) One canopy (for sail, sunshade, or rain catcher); (xv) One flashlight having at least two size D cells or equivalent; (xvi) A 2-day supply of emergency food rations supplying at least 1,000 calories per day for each person; (xvii) For each two persons the raft is rated to carry, two pints of water or one sea water desalting kit; (xix) One book on survival appropriate for the area in which the aircraft is operated. 44730). (2) Retains the 25 hours of recorded information required in paragraph (d) of this section using a recorder that meets the standards of TSO-C124a, or later revision. (i) Above the aisle near each over-the-wing passenger emergency exit, or at another ceiling location if it is more practical because of low headroom; (ii) Next to each floor level passenger emergency exit, except that one sign may serve two such exits if they both can be seen readily from that sign; and. (a) Except where the Administrator, by amending the operations specifications of the certificate holder, requires the carriage of all or any specific items of the equipment listed below for any overwater operation, or, upon application of the certificate holder, the Administrator allows deviation for a particular extended overwater operation, no person may operate an aircraft in extended overwater operations unless it carries, installed in conspicuously marked locations easily accessible to the occupants if a ditching occurs, the following equipment: (1) An approved life preserver equipped with an approved survivor locator light for each occupant of the aircraft. 790 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[773 63]/Info 772 0 R/Length 89/Prev 218554/Root 774 0 R/Size 836/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream No person may operate an aircraft in a Category II operation unless there is a second in command of the aircraft. which two pilots are required by the type certification rules of this chapter may meet the requirements of 135.245 instead of the requirements of 121.436. (2) A certificate holder that has been approved to deviate from the requirements in 135.21(a), 135.341(a), or 119.69(a) of this chapter.

(2) The latest weather report issued by the weather reporting facility includes a current local altimeter setting for the destination airport. (3) Enables the trained person to recognize items that contain, or may contain, hazardous materials regulated by 49 CFR parts 171 through 180. (3) At an altitude specified by the Administrator, whichever is greater. standard instrument approaches involving navigational facilities which that pilot is to be authorized to use. That certification shall be made a part of the crewmember's record. (i) One survival kit, appropriately equipped for the route to be flown; or. (b) Each certificate holder must develop a preflight risk analysis worksheet to include, at a minimum, the items in paragraph (a) of this section. (c) Where an installation, the functioning of which is necessary in showing compliance with the applicable requirements, requires a power supply, that installation must be considered an essential load on the power supply, and the power sources and the distribution system must be capable of supplying the following power loads in probable operation combinations and for probable durations: (1) All essential loads after failure of any prime mover, power converter, or energy storage device. Docket No. (i) TSO-C126, 406 MHz Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT), Dec. 23, 1992, (ii) TSO-C126a, 406 MHz Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT), Dec. 17, 2008, and. Except for airplanes having separate altitude and airspeed sensors that are an integral part of the flight data recorder system, a single correlation may be established for any group of airplanes, (ii) On which the flight recorder system and its installation are the same; and. (5) The aircraft is operated under all applicable conditions and limitations contained in the Minimum Equipment List and the operations specifications authorizing use of the Minimum Equipment List. (a) During operations under this part, if a certificate holder or pilot in command knows of conditions, including airport and runway conditions, that are a hazard to safe operations, the certificate holder or pilot in command, as the case may be, shall restrict or suspend operations as necessary until those conditions are corrected. (d) For single engine aircraft to be used in passenger-carrying IFR operations, written maintenance instructions containing the methods, techniques, and practices necessary to maintain the equipment specified in (vi) The date and result of each of the initial and recurrent competency tests and proficiency and route checks required by this part and the type of aircraft flown during that test or check. (2) A designation of the items of maintenance and alteration that must be inspected (required inspections) including at least those that could result in a failure, malfunction, or defect endangering the safe operation of the aircraft, if not performed properly or if improper parts or materials are used. No. (2) RTCA, Inc., 1150 18th Street NW., Suite 910, Washington, DC 20036, telephone (202) 833-9339, and are also available on RTCA's Web site at. (B) Second in commandA minimum of 500 hours. However, pilot flight training may be conducted during the proving tests. (b) For the purpose of paragraph (a)(2) of this section, it is assumed that. Except as provided in 135.3, this subpart prescribes the flight crewmember requirements for operations under this part. (ii) The pilot in command must hold at least a commercial pilot certificate with the appropriate category, class, and type rating for each airplane that is type certificated for more than one pilot crewmember that the pilot seeks to operate under this alternative, and: (B) In each airplane that is type certificated for more than one pilot crewmember that the pilot seeks to operate under this alternative, that pilot must (i) No certificate holder may schedule an operations control specialist for more than 10 consecutive hours of duty; (ii) If an operations control specialist is scheduled for more than 10 hours of duty in 24 consecutive hours, the certificate holder must provide that person a rest period of at least 8 hours at or before the end of 10 hours of duty; (iii) If an operations control specialist is on duty for more than 10 consecutive hours, the certificate holder must provide that person a rest period of at least 8 hours before that person's next duty period; (iv) Each operations control specialist must be relieved of all duty with the certificate holder for at least 24 consecutive hours during any 7 consecutive days. (d) No person may take off a reciprocating engine powered large transport category airplane at a weight more than the maximum authorized takeoff weight for the elevation of the airport. Annex 2 is incorporated by reference in 91.703(b) of this chapter. (v) The current status of applicable airworthiness directives, including the date and methods of compliance, and, if the airworthiness directive involves recurring action, the time and date when the next action is required. (2) Training in the operation of flight simulators, flight training devices, or both, to ensure competence to conduct the flight instruction required by this part. Airplanes exceeding 14 years in service but not 24 years in service on December 8, 2003; initial and repetitive inspections and records reviews. PART 135OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: COMMUTER AND ON DEMAND OPERATIONS AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT, Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. (e) The oral briefing required by paragraph (a) of this section must be supplemented by printed cards which must be carried in the aircraft in locations convenient for the use of each passenger. (2) Section 2 of either RTCA DO-204 or RTCA DO-204A, as specified by the TSO complied with in paragraph (d)(1) of this section. A person may accomplish the requirements in paragraph (c)(1) of this section in an approved FSTD, or a combination of aircraft and FSTD, provided: (i) The FSTD represents the category of aircraft for the instrument rating privileges to be maintained; (ii) The person performs the tasks and iterations in simulated instrument conditions; and. (v) The maneuvers that will be demonstrated in the flight simulation training device. However, for operations under VFR, the pilot in command may, if such a report is not available, use weather information based on that pilot's own observations or on those of other persons competent to supply appropriate observations. This training and practice must be accomplished in a flight simulator or in a flight training device. (A) Section 121.308, Lavatory fire protection. (j) A pilot may begin an instrument approach procedure, or continue an approach, at an airport when the visibility is reported to be less than the visibility minimums prescribed for that procedure if the pilot uses an operable EFVS in accordance with 91.176 of this chapter and the certificate holder's operations specifications for EFVS operations. (d) Procedure established under section 4 related to the limitations and information required by this section in the form of guidance material including any relevant limitations or information. must be seated, so as not to restrict access to or use of any required emergency or regular exit, or of the aisle in the passenger compartment. Discretes should show the display system status (e.g., off, normal, fail, composite, sector, plan, nav aids, weather radar, range, copy. The Administrator issues such operations specifications when, after investigation by the U.S. National Weather Service and the responsible Flight Standards office, it is found that the standards of safety for that operation would allow the deviation from this paragraph for a particular operation for which an air carrier operating certificate or operating certificate has been issued. In addition to repeating the maneuvers failed, the person giving the check may require the pilot being checked to repeat any other maneuvers that are necessary to determine the pilot's proficiency. Retention of contracts and amendments: Commercial operators who conduct intrastate operations for compensation or hire. (i) At airports where straight-in instrument approach procedures are authorized, a pilot may takeoff an aircraft under IFR when the weather conditions reported by the facility described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section are equal to or better than the lowest straight-in landing minimums, unless otherwise restricted, if. (a) No certificate holder may operate an aircraft after maintenance, preventive maintenance, or alterations are performed on the aircraft unless the certificate holder prepares, or causes the person with whom the certificate holder arranges for the performance of the maintenance, preventive maintenance, or alterations, to prepare. The operator must create a record of this determination for each aircraft it operates, and maintain it as part of the correlation documentation required by 135.152 (f)(1)(iii) or (f)(2)(iii) of this part as applicable. Part 25 transport category airplanes with four or more engines: Reciprocating engine powered: En route limitations: Two engines inoperative. (2) The limit engine torque corresponding to takeoff power and propeller speed multiplied by a factor accounting for propeller control system malfunction, including quick feathering action, simultaneously with 1. (a) It is carried in an approved cargo rack, bin, or compartment installed in or on the aircraft; (b) It is secured by an approved means; or. (10) No certificate holder may assign a flight attendant any duty period with the certificate holder unless the flight attendant has had at least the minimum rest required under this section. (4) A certificate holder may assign a flight attendant to a scheduled duty period of more than 14 hours, but no more than 16 hours, if the certificate holder has assigned to the flight or flights in that duty period at least one flight attendant in addition to the minimum flight attendant complement required for the flight or flights in that duty period under the certificate holder's operations specifications. (2) The certificate holder shows, to the satisfaction of the Administrator, that operations using the autopilot system can be conducted safely and in compliance with this part. Where mechanical means for control inputs are not available, cockpit display trim positions should be recorded. (a) No certificate holder may operate an aircraft with less than the minimum flight crew specified in the aircraft operating limitations or the Aircraft Flight Manual for that aircraft and required by this part for the kind of operation being conducted. endstream endobj 269 0 obj <>/Metadata 20 0 R/Pages 266 0 R/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 270 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 271 0 obj <>stream Operations control specialist duty time limitations. (b) Before each takeoff the pilot in command shall ensure that each person who may need the assistance of another person to move expeditiously to an exit if an emergency occurs and that person's attendant, if any, has received a briefing as to the procedures No pilot may use any type of nonprecision approach procedure under IFR unless, since the beginning of the 6th calendar month before that use, the pilot has satisfactorily demonstrated either that type of approach procedure or any other two different types of nonprecision approach procedures. To reestablish instrument recency, a second in command must complete at least the following areas of operation required for the instrument rating practical test in an aircraft or FSTD that represents the category of aircraft for the instrument experience requirements to be reestablished: (1) Air traffic control clearances and procedures; (a) No certificate holder may use any person, nor may any person serve, as pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers unless, within the preceding 90 days, that person has, (1) Made three takeoffs and three landings as the sole manipulator of the flight controls in an aircraft of the same category and class and, if a type rating is required, of the same type in which that person is to serve; or. 135-121, 75 FR 17047, Apr. IFR: Destination airport weather minimums. (i) Temporary installation of TSO-C74b or TSO-C74c substitute equipment, as appropriate, during maintenance of the permanent equipment; (ii) Reinstallation of equipment after temporary removal for maintenance; or. Initial and transition training and checking: Flight instructors (aircraft), flight instructors (simulator). (a) No person operating a large nontransport category airplane may take off that airplane at a weight that, (1) Allowing for anticipated consumption of fuel and oil, is greater than the weight that would allow a full stop landing within 60 percent of the effective length of the most suitable runway at the destination airport; and, (2) Is greater than the weight allowable if the landing is to be made on the runway, (i) With the greatest effective length in still air; and.

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