evidence based training recommendations for the elite judoka


Premenstrual and postmenstrual phases exhibit similar patterns. Effects of time-of-day and partial sleep deprivation on short-term maximal performances of judo competitors. Souissi N, Driss T, Chamari K, Vandewalle H, Davenne D, Gam A, et al.

00124K (Melbourne) and CRICOS Provider No. These exercises serve to increase the activation of performance-limiting muscles that are directly related to sports [51].

2005;23:3219. Avaliao especfica no jud: uma reviso de mtodos.

may give more some specific recommendations about the planning of judo-specific warm-up exercises before training programs. J Physiol. Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. There is a lack of evidence to suggest that balance from free weights or use of unstable surfaces shows any transference to sporting improvement, and explosive movements are also not recommended as they present a high injury risk and no greater benefit than slow, controlled weight training. The weight control procedure was established to ensure that all individuals with similar characteristics had an equal opportunity to compete [71]. However, possible changes in plasma volume during the menstrual cycle may have an effect on heart rate, which may need to be adjusted to maintain cardiac output [70], and on the SJFT index calculation. They discovered that, with the exception of the number of shots fired during the first 15s of the Special judo fitness test, no significant changes in any of these parameters were observed as a result of menstrual phase changes in the Wingate and Special judo fitness tests during the luteal phase [68].

Resistance training produces an array of health benefits, as well as the potential to promote muscular adaptations of strength, size, power and endurance.

Wydawca Medicina Sportiva. Judo specific fitness test performance variation from morning to evening: specific warm-ups impacts performance and its diurnal amplitude in female judokas, BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13102-022-00484-4, https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=doi:10.7910/DVN/MZT1PW, https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2021.691028, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, bmcsportssciencemedicineandrehabilitation@biomedcentral.com. Rissanen JA, Hkkinen A, Laukkanen J, Kraemer WJ, Hkkinen K. acute neuromuscular and hormonal responses to different exercise loadings followed by a sauna. Detanico D, Dos Santos SG. To explain the diurnal variation in performance, these diurnal improvements in muscle performance have been shown to result from improved muscle contraction properties rather than a change in neural drive modification in the evening [47, 48]. Strength Cond J. Herman and Smith [78] were to determine whether a dynamic-stretching warm-up (DWU) intervention performed daily over 4weeks positively influenced power, speed, agility, endurance, flexibility, and strength performance measures in collegiate wrestlers when compared to a static-stretching warm-up (SWU) intervention. Developmental associations with muscle morphology, physical performance, and asymmetry in youth judo athletes. Finally, we consider genetic factors in relation to body type and growth potential. Acute effects of different stretching and warm up protocols on some anaerobic motoric tests, flexibility and balance in junior male judokas. Merola PK, Zaccani WA, Faria CC, Berton DC, Verges S, Franchini E. High load inspiratory muscle warm-up has no impact on special judo fitness test performance. We recommend that appreciably the same muscular strength and endurance adaptations can be attained by performing a single set of ~8-12 repetitions to momentary muscular failure, at a repetition duration that maintains muscular tension throughout the entire range of motion, for most major muscle groups once or twice each week. J Strength Cond Res. Use of the Website signifies your agreement to the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. CAS Your search returned too many results to display in the tree. 2009;39:25778. Faigenbaum AD, Bellucci M, Bernieri A, Bakker B, Hoorens K. Acute effects of different warm-up protocols on fitness performance in children. Article

As with other combat sports, judo has weight classifications. J Strength Cond Res. Accessibility Statement, https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000426. Copyright 2011 Medicina Sportiva. Int J Environ Res Public Health. Victoria University CRICOS Provider No. Miarka B, Del Vecchio FB, Franchini E. Acute effects and postactivation potentiation in the special judo fitness test. Behm DG. Sterkowicz S, Lech G, Paka T, Tyka A, Sterkowicz-Przybycie KL, Szygua Z, et al. All article information can be viewed in this section. Hammerel KA. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Resistance training produces an array of health benefits, as well as the potential to promote muscular adaptations of strength, size, power and endurance. Muscle activation, more specifically the rate at which initial motor units fire, is the primary determinant of the rapid force generation required for explosive movements [66]. Miarka B, Fukuda HD, Del Vecchio FB, Franchini E. Discriminant analysis of technical-tactical actions in high-level judo athletes. Arnett MG. Morales J, Ubasart C, Solana-Tramunt M, Villarrasa-Sapia I, Gonzlez L-M, Fukuda D, et al. 2018;14:55562. This study includes some limitations. The study can be repeated by increasing the sample size in men and women elite and top elite judo players of different age groups. You are as fast as your motor neurons: speed of recruitment and maximal discharge of motor neurons determine the maximal rate of force development in humans. Book Portaluppi F, Smolensky MH, Touitou Y. The HR immediately following launch efforts was comparable (grade C), but the HR one minute after SJFT was significantly different (grade B vs. C). A 3-week power-oriented resistance training programme improved lower-limb mechanical outputs of elite judokas both at moderate altitude and sea level; training at moderate altitude increases and accelerates these improvements, reducing athletes imbalances. Article

THERE IS A PAUCITY OF SPORTSPECIFIC EVIDENCE REGARDING STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE ELITE JUDO ATHLETES (EJA) PERFORMANCE. Wydawca Medicina Sportiva. free-weights, resistance machines, bodyweight, etc.) Google Scholar. We recommend that appreciably the same muscular strength and endurance adaptations can be attained by performing a single set of ~8-12 repetitions to momentary muscular failure, at a repetition duration that maintains muscular tension throughout the entire range of motion, for most major muscle groups once or twice each week. When significant differences between groups are considered, significant difference was found between NW and SWU (p<0.015) and NW and DWU (p0.001). All resistance types (e.g. THEREFORE, THE AIM OF THIS ARTICLE IS TO EVALUATE THE CURRENT LITERATURE AND PRESENT EVIDENCE-BASED TRAINING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR EJA. The following review will describe an evidence-based model of strength and conditioning exercise prescription in relation to an amateur mixed martial artist, which will be linked with key components of mixed martial arts performance. 2nd ed. J Strength Cond Res. J Sports Med Phys Fit. Rydzik , Ambroy T. Physical fitness and the level of technical and tactical training of kickboxers. Bayer R, Eken . Sport Med. Chronobiol Int. Eken , zkol MZ, Varol SR. Cookies policy. 2003;33:43954. CAS 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. Sleep Med Rev. PerIODIZation is recommended and ADVOCated by the research and further scientific investigation is required to understand its use and limits to elite level athletes across extended periods of time. Google Scholar. Article PubMed Reilly T, Atkinson G, Edwards B, Waterhouse J, Farrelly K, Fairhurst E. Diurnal variation in temperature, mental and physical performance, and tasks specifically related to football (soccer). Part of 2013;27:247380. Herman SL, Smith DT. Petersen N, Morita H, Nielsen J. Modulation of reciprocal inhibition between ankle extensors and flexors during walking in man. Copyright 2011 Medicina Sportiva. In studies examining circadian rhythm and warm up protocols, evening performances were better from morning performance on 16.1km cycling with a 25min warm-up protocol [53], lower extremity strength with a 5min warm-up protocol [54], agility [55], the 505 change of direction, 10m sprint, and change of direction deficit test [56], swim performance [57]. Numerous judoka employ the well-known rapid weight loss (RWL) strategy prior to competition in order to gain an advantage over their opponents. Teor I Metod Fiz Wych I Sport. Results further showed that the DWU had lower heart rate values than NWU (p<0.05). This work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness [grant no DEP2015-64350-P MINECO /FEDER ] and FPI pre-doctoral grant [grant no BES-2016-078035 awarded to one of the authors]. Chronobiol Int. Strategy and knowledge management (SWM)

Their measures included peak torque of the quadriceps and hamstrings, medicine ball underhand throw, 300-yd shuttle, pull-ups, push-ups, sit-ups, broad jump, 600m run, sit-and-reach test, and trunk extension test. Research outputs 2014 to 2021 In conclusion, the present study confirms that time-of-day and warm-up protocols (not significant except HR after warm up protocols and index) have significant effects on SJFT performances. 2021. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2021.691028. about circadian rhythm that assesses the SJFT performance [15]. Turner AN. Google Scholar. Diurnal variation in wingate test performances: influence of active warm-up. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2021;61:131725. 2003;37(>3):2459. Strength and conditioning for muay thai athletes. > : 15-16 . & Nobari, H. Judo specific fitness test performance variation from morning to evening: specific warm-ups impacts performance and its diurnal amplitude in female judokas. Tyka A, Paka T, Tyka AK, Szygua Z, Ciso T. Repeated sauna bathing effects on males capacity to prolonged exercise-heat performance. 2010;27:64052. Chronobiol Int. Warm-up, stretching, and cool-down strategies for combat sports. Although there is currently no consensus regarding the effect of monthly hormonal fluctuations on female performance [69], recommendations have been made indicating that regularly menstruating female athletes participating in strength-specific sports do not require menstrual cycle adjustment to maximize their competitive abilities [70]. [67], the average number of beats completed during the menstrual phase is less than the average number of beats completed during the postmenstrual phase (grades C and A, respectively) (27.7 vs. 30.0 beats). BASED ON THE SPORT-SPECIFIC DEMANDS, APPROPRIATELY SEQUENCED PERIODIZED STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAMS THAT INCLUDE (a) HEAVY STRENGTH TRAINING, (b) POWER TRAINING (i.e., CONTRAST LOADING, CLUSTER SETS, WEIGHTLIFTING, International journal of environmental research and public health. Accepted author version posted online: 10 Jun 2022. Non-combative taekwondo evokes highly anaerobic physiological responses in elite-level athletes : potential evidence for a new training modality, Recommendations for the avoidance of delayed-onset muscle soreness, Evidence-based resistance training recommendations for muscular hypertrophy, Bundesinstitut fr Sportwissenschaft (BISp) 2022, Evidenzbasierte Trainingsempfehlungen fr Elite-Judoka. Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences. Performance time can be an important factor in sports, it is essential to know the most productive working time of our body and mind in order to plan training and practice [41]. Billaut F, Bishop D. Muscle fatigue in males and females during multiple-sprint exercise. Chtourou et al. Effects of ovarian hormones on human cortical excitability. pp. They found that contrast and plyometric exercises performed before the SJFT can result in improvements in the test index and anaerobic power of judo athletes, respectively. The study was approved by the Inonu University Human Research Ethics Committee (Approval Number: 2021/2520). Chronobiol Int. Changes in reciprocal inhibition across the ankle joint with changes in external load and pedaling rate during bicycling. Nutrients. All resistance types (e.g. X.A.K. National Strength & Conditioning Association. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to provide an overview of plyometrics including: definition, phases, the physiological, mechanical and neurophysiological basis, and to describe clinical guidelines and contraindications for implementing plyometric programs. [68] was to verify the effect of selected phases of the menstrual cycle on the anaerobic performance of judokas in the Wingate test and the Special judo fitness test. Female sex hormone levels may be a factor in the altered force production. Also, diurnal variation in body temperature may result in better motor coordination, which can produce higher peak performance in the afternoon rather than in the morning [46]. Hammerel reported that static stretching significantly decreased SJFT index, and did not affect heart rate, and throw with technique performance [32]. Front Physiol. Wrestlers completing the 4week DWU intervention had several performance improvements, including increases in quadriceps peak torque, broad jump, underhand medicine ball throw, sit-ups, and push-ups. Research applications: physiological, psychological, and injury pervention aspects of warm-up. The MC stage can have a remarkable effect on the generation of rapid force.

Pedagog Phys Cult Sport. Lakicevic N, Roklicer R, Bianco A, Mani D, Paoli A, Trivic T, et al. Effects of rapid weight loss on balance and reaction time in elite judo athletes. The acute effect of different massage durations on squat jump, countermovement jump and flexibility performance in muay thai athletes.

2018. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01499. The implementation of new elements and training modalities may improve performance and prevent lateral asymmetry, thus reducing the risk of injury, in elite female judo athletes. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. Acta Gymnica. 2005;22:102939. PubMed Central 8096, Evidence-based training recommendations for the elite judoka, Dale M. Harris 2009;27:11520. Each will be examined independently and justified through analysis of the best available evidence. Copyright 2013 Strength and Conditioning Journal. J Hum Kinet. Isokinetic Profile of Elite Serbian Female Judoists, The effect plyometric training with active-passive recovery for 8 weeks on performance physical abilities male judo athletes, Monitoring of Eccentric Hamstring Strength and Eccentric Derived Strength Ratios in Judokas from a Single Weight Category, Absolute and Relative Strength, Power and Physiological Characteristics of Indian Junior National-Level Judokas, 15-16 , The Science and Practice of Periodization: A Brief Review, Physiological and performance changes in national and international judo athletes during block periodization training, Physiological Profiles of Elite Judo Athletes, A PRIOR ISOMETRIC STRENGTH TRAINING INCREASES MUSCLE POWER PERFORMANCE OF JUDO ATHLETES, High-Intensity Intermittent Training Positively Affects Aerobic and Anaerobic Performance in Judo Athletes Independently of Exercise Mode, Essentials of strength training and conditioning, Enhancing the Force-Velocity Profile of Athletes Using Weightlifting Derivatives. Background image by Peter Ginter, Hintergrundvideo von Vertigo Film GmbH. An increased strain tolerance, decreased viscoelasticity, and to some extent a reduction in muscle-external stiffness can contribute to a sustained increase in elastic range of motion [59, 60]. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. 2011;25:42731. / Translated by https://www.DeepL.com/Translator. Sport Med. 2012;14:73848. 2015-2022 Institute for Applied Training Science. The major finding of the present study revealed that the significant increase in SJFT performance in the evening compared to the morning and also significant linear decreases in heart rate were observed after NWU, DWU and SWU in the both morning and evening hours. Souissi N, Chtourou H, Aloui A, Hammouda O, Dogui M, Chaouachi A, et al. 2008;12:1504. 2013;35:7992.

Athletes with similar anthropometric characteristics should theoretically have comparable physical abilities and thus be eligible to compete in the same weight category. 2022;26:412. All participants were provided with the relevant study information before providing informed written consent. View 16 excerpts, references background and methods. Ben Maaouia G, Nassib S, Negra Y, Chammari K, Souissi N. Agility performance variation from morning to evening: dynamic stretching warm-up impacts performance and its diurnal amplitude.

Biol Sport. 2022 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. p2: 0.29). Chaabene H, Negra Y, Capranica L, Prieske O, Granacher U.

Diurnal variation of short-term repetitive maximal performance and psychological variables in elite judo athletes. All rights reserved. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. show potential for increases in strength, with no significant difference between them, although resistance machines appear to pose a lower risk of injury. [15] examined acute effects and postactivation potentiation in the SJFT. Fritz CO, Morris PE, Richler JJ. Google Scholar. Pyndt HS, Laursen M, Nielsen JB. Strength Cond J. SWU practice is a warm-up that imitates judo techniques, and is associated with the characteristic structure of judo. PubMed Chronobiol Int.

Int J Sports Physiol Perform. They found a significant decrease in right- and left-hand grip strength for all protocols [77]. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 41(2), 108-118. https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000426. There was no discernible difference in squat jump or countermovement jump performance, or in judo movement repetitions lasting longer than 5s [73]. Nobari H, Ahmadi M, S M, Prez-Gmez J, Clemente FM, Adsuar JC, et al. 2010;27:191129.

A needs analysis of the sport will be provided and key performance characteristics. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. When analyzed changes after 1min heart rate values within themselves, it was determined that NWU morning 161.208.966, evening 152.3018.809; SWU morning 154.7013.416 evening 128.0020.132; DWU morning 135.208.816 evening 136.408.884. 2005;19:37681. All rights reserved. Therefore this paper proposes a set of scientifically rigorous resistance training guidelines, reviewing and summarising the relevant research for the purpose of proposing more logical, evidence-based training advice. 2022;14:17. Afternoon hours were not evaluated in this study, and also menstrual cycle periods of women athletes were not taken into account. All rights reserved. 1984;1:1137. Google Scholar. The reason for the improvement of leg strength after static stretching and dynamic warm-up protocols can be explained by the sequential movement of the limbs, similar to the reciprocal inhibition sequences [61, 62]. FAQ | Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. The aim of this study was to analyse the differences in SJFT performance assested in two different time of day (morning and evening) after three warm-ups protocols (NWU, DWU, SWU). J Neurophysiol. Finally, we consider genetic factors in relation to body type and growth potential. There is a paucity of sport-specific evidence regarding strength and conditioning strategies to improve elite judo athletes' (EJA) performance.

2015-2022 Institute for Applied Training Science.

The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship and/or publication of this article. Additionally, it is predicted that when progesterone levels are elevated during the luteal phase, lower power results will be obtained.

Front Physiol.

Google Scholar. PubMed Article Thun E, Bjorvatn B, Flo E, Harris A, Pallesen S. Sleep, circadian rhythms, and athletic performance. Increased body temperature with SWU in the evening may have triggered a further increase in SJFT performance. Google Scholar. 2009;26:162235. International journal of sports physical therapy. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Int J Sports Med. Kerdaoui Z, Sammoud S, Negra Y, Attia A, Hachana Y.

2016;46:13642. 02475D (Sydney). If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au. Carmichael MA, Thomson RL, Moran LJ, Wycherley TP. BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 14, 92 (2022). The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
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