facts about menkaure pyramid

Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. It is very likely that Menkaure's brother and Vizier (the highest official to serve the Pharaoh) was in charge of its design and construction. Subscribe for latest updates & promotions. The top section of the temple was finished with crude bricks. The easternmost is the largest and a true pyramid. By: ETP Team Middle school Earth and space science beta - NGSS, World History Project - Origins to the Present, World History Project - 1750 to the Present. 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Exterior Dimensions of theMenkaure Pyramid of Giza. The mortuary temple adjoined the pyramid and was the place of worship of the deceased king. There are a group of large broken statues of pink granite found in pieces and was probably placed at the altar of the mortuary temple. At least, that was his vision. Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend Ful & Tameya (Fava Beans and Falafel), Mulukhiya, Koshary, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish. The poor sod gave up because he realized that he would never be able to destroy any pyramids in his lifetime, something that emphasizes the fact that these miraculous structures are here with us forever! Unfortunately, in the early 1800s, while it was being [5], Reisner speculated that the structures were likely tombs for the queens of Menkaure, and that the individuals buried there may have also been his half-sisters. Similar to the construction method of the pyramid, red granite stones were imported from Aswan that weighed up to 30 tonnes and were used in the lower sections. The open courtyard of the pyramid is connected to the causeway of the complex with a long entrance corridor. The last chamber is above ground and called the Kings Chamber. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort to make you have the perfect vacation. Early scholars believed that the pyramids were built by slaves. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts. Egypt Lifts All COVID-19-related Restrictions on Arrivals -. The pyramid of Menkaure stands at 61 m (204 ft) tall with a base of 108.5 m with an angle of 512025. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made. He was going to destroy all the great pyramids of Giza! It was the third, the last and the smallest, of the pharaoh's pyramids that were built on the Giza Plateau. In the west of the temple is an offering hall with a pillared portico courtyard. The labor force was organised in such a way that the Egyptians were only required for a few weeks in every year which ensured the agriculture of Egypt was not unduly effected. [10][11], Smallest of the three main Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, Stewert, Desmond and editors of the Newsweek Book Division "The Pyramids and Sphinx" 1971 p. 101, "The Pyramids at Giza: Khafre and Menkaure", Guardian's Ancient Egypt: The Pyramid of Menkaure, NOVA Online Pyramids: Menkaure's Inside Story, Unfinished Northern Pyramid of Zawyet el'Aryan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pyramid_of_Menkaure&oldid=1089056350, Buildings and structures completed in the 26th century BC, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, 65 metres (213ft) or 125 cubits (original), 102.2 by 104.6 metres (335ft 343ft) or 200 cubits (original), This page was last edited on 21 May 2022, at 17:24. The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about the Menkaure Pyramid at Giza. The causeway, meaning a raised roadway, connected the Mortuary Temple with the Valley Temple. Ancient Egypt - Menkaure Pyramid of Giza Fact Sheet. Construction: It was built on solid bedrock and the base and interior was constructed using limestone from a local quarry. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. Architect: The name of the architect of this amazing monument has not been specifically mentioned. The Egyptian Museum, it was established in 1835 near the Ezbekeyah Garden explore more about Egyptian Mus Khan El Khalili is one of the oldest bazaars in the Middle East, know more about Khan El Khalili history Memphis City it was one of the oldest cities in Egypt and capital of ancient Egypt, Memphis is located so Egypt Tours Portal prides itself on being the best travel agency in Egypt as proven by our numerous positive reviews. The base of these temples was constructed with enormous local stones that weigh up to 220 tonnes. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Dimensions of the Menkaure Pyramid of GizaLearn about the construction and dimensions of the Menkaure Pyramid of Giza the fast and easy way via the Fact sheet. ", Subsequent architectural additions and two stelae from the Sixth Dynasty suggest that a cult for the Pharaoh was maintained (or was periodically renewed) for two centuries after his death. Egyptian people over earlier step periods. Top 10 Interesting Tokyo Imperial Palace Facts, Top 9 Incredible Basilica Of Maxentius Facts, About Art Facts - Contact - Terms - Privacy Policy - | Trellis Framework by Mediavine, 12 Interesting Facts About The Bent Pyramid, Top 8 Interesting Pyramid of Hawara Facts, Top 9 Cool Facts About The Louvre Pyramid, 12 Great Facts About The Pyramid Of Khafre, 10 Intriguing Facts About The Meidum Pyramid, 20 Interesting Facts About The Brooklyn Bridge, 16 Interesting Facts About The Arc De Triomphe in Paris. It was even included in the list of 7 new wonders of the world as its the only structure still standing from the ancient list. A descending passage, partially lined with pink granite, sloped down at an angle of a little more than 26 degrees for 31 meters (101 feet) to the chambers below. [6] Neither of the other two progressed beyond the construction of the inner core. Mortuary temples were separate structures built near or adjacent to a pharaoh's tomb or pyramid. The brother and first Vizier of Menkaure was called Nikaure and therefore there is a high probability that he was an architect of the monument. The workers' village was located about 400 meters (1,300 feet) south of the Sphinx, and is sometimes referred to as the "Lost City of the Pyramid Builders.". Certainly, the mortuary temple was also not completed yet at the time of Menkaures death because an inscription was found on one of its walls pointing out the completion by his son and successor Shepsekaf. Its also fair to assume that Menkaure was a popular and influential Pharaoh because additions to his temple complex were made as late as the 6th Dynasty, over 2 centuries later! Made of stone it was built to last for eternity. The kings were able to employ as many of their subjects as they wanted in conscripted, labor. What Is the Top Traditional Egyptian Food? The reign of Pharaoh Menkaure isnt as clearly described as that of his predecessors, so we are not certain when exactly his pyramid was constructed. [9], In AD 1196, Al-Aziz Uthman, Saladin's son and the Sultan of Egypt, attempted to demolish the pyramids, starting with that of Menkaure. Construction: The monument rose to over 65 meters (215 feet) which is equivalent to the height of a modern 20 storey building. To give some reference with a modern example, one of the most iconic buildings in Paris, the Louvre Pyramid, has a height of just 21.6 meters (71 feet) and a base length of just 34 meters (112 ft), which means is quite a bit smaller than these satellite pyramids! [4] He found a large number of statues mostly of Menkaure alone and as a member of a group. AP is a registered trademark of the College Board, which has not reviewed this resource. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 C in the wintertime to 23 C in the summertime and the average high temperatures vary from 17 C in the wintertime to 32 C in the summertime. Mosaic decoration at the Hammath Tiberias synagogue, Palmyra: the modern destruction of an ancient city, Menkaures pyramid chambers are more complicated than those of, Within Menkaures mortuary and valley temples, neither of which were completed before his death, excavation revealed a series of statues of the king. Egypt Tours specializes in providing the most pleasing Egypt tours & vacations, Egypt Nile River cruises, Egypt day tours & excursions, Egypt shore excursions, at the most affordable prices, and excellent services for the past 35 years. The other two are step-pyramid such as the Pyramid of Djoser and only the inner features were completed. Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Temple of Amun-Re and the Hypostyle Hall, Karnak, Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut and Large Kneeling Statue, New Kingdom, Egypt, Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis (UNESCO/TBS), Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Three Daughters, Tutankhamuns tomb (innermost coffin and death mask). The mortuary temple was made partially of limestone and also Mud bricks and consisted of an entrance hall, an open, columned court, niches (alcoves) for statues of the king, storage chambers and an inner sanctuary. However the Viziers (Chief Chancellors) of the pharaohs played an active role in the planning and architecture of the pyramids. The main burial chamber of the pyramid is located next to the west wall and it holds a false door. The Giza Plateau to the southwest of Cairo is dominated by 3 large and numerous small pyramids that are adjoined by several ancient Egyptian temples. Tiny timeline: ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in a global context, 2nd1st millennia B.C.E. Howard Vyse discovered on 28 July 1837, in the upper antechamber, the remains of a wooden anthropoid coffin inscribed with Menkaure's name and containing human bones. Past the security obstacles the passageway continued to a small antechamber located directly under the vertical axis of the pyramid. This enormous complex is located on the Giza Plateau, an elevated area just outside of Egypts capital at about 60 meters (196 feet) above sea level. The exact date of its construction is unknown as Menkaure's reign wasn't fully defined during the 26th century BC. The mortuary temple is made of various foundations and an inner core made of limestone, the floors and the walls of the temple are made of red granite. It is one of the most famous of the total of 138 pyramids have been discovered in ancient Egypt to date. It is thought to have been built to serve as the tomb of the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Menkaure. Did Menkaure overplay his hand here by using red granite quarried all the way down south and because of that lost precious time to complete his pyramid? egyptian pyramids egypt facts pyramid khufu This means that these enormous stones were quarried in the south of Egypt and transported all the way north to the area around Cairo! You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine. and that he reigned anywhere between 18 and 22 years. Nile River Cruises Reviews (Honest Advices), Read more about the best places to visit in Egypt, Read more about is it safe to travel to Egypt, Read more about festivals & publich holidays in Egypt. It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Read more about the best places to visit in Egypt. In the year 1196, the son of Saladin and Sultan of Egypt named Al-Aziz Uthman had a great idea. It was called the "Menkaure is Divine". It was one of only a handful of Old Kingdom sarcophagi to survive into the modern period. Location: The Giza plateau which is about 25km (15 miles) south west of Cairo on the west bank of the River Nile. Within the pyramid a beautiful detailed sarcophagus was discovered which was believed to be Menkaures. Exactly when this pyramid was built is not known, but it is widely believed to have been completed in the 26th century BC. But later discoveries indicate that construction was undertaken by the people of Egypt. The mass of the structure was 1/10th the size of Khufu's monument. The Menkaure pyramid is the youngest and the smallest of the three great pyramids of Giza Necropolis. It was built for Pharaoh Menkaure, whose name is Mycerinus in Greek. Ancient Egyptian Pyramids are the perfect example of how the ancient Egyptians were able to achieve greatness and ensure the survival of their legacy for endless times to come. We just got home and continue to talk Read More, This was the trip of a lifetime that I was able to have with my eldest son - an absolutely amazing experience. The Pyramid of Menkaure was only one part of the burial complex of the pharaoh. pyramid menkaure pyramids khufu giza queen crystalinks khafre temple mortuary plateau mysteries andrs This is in contrast to the Great Pyramid which was sheathed with all limestone. [3] The entire country of Egypt deserve to be explored with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen before any other such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak & Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan such as Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. It is advised to wear something light and comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt. Art in Italian Renaissance Republics. The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. The Pyramid of Menkaure is one of the 3 huge pyramids in the Giza Necropolis, a vast mortuary complex located just outside of Cairo. The names of the other pyramids are the the Great Pyramid of Khufu (aka Cheops) and the Pyramid of Khafre (aka Chephren). Deeper into the pyramid, Vyse came upon a basalt sarcophagus, described as beautiful black and rich in detail with a bold projecting cornice, which contained the bones of a young woman. The storerooms of the mortuary temple contain several statues of the pharaoh. The Third Pyramid of Giza was built by King Menkaure whose name is Mycerinus in Greek. What are the Reasons That Make You Visit Egypt? Menkaure Pyramid of GizaLearn about the ancient pyramids of Egypt, and the tombs of the pharaohs, the fast and easy way via the Menkaure Pyramid of Giza Fact sheets. The foundations of the valley temple were made of stone but both temples were finished with crude bricks. Just as the other pyramids at Giza, this one features additional structures in the form of a mortuary and a valley temple.

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In the middle of the floor of the antechamber, another granite passageway leads down to the rectangular, pink granite, burial chamber with a gabled ceiling. What are Egypt Festival and Public Holidays? Menkaure Pyramid of GizaDiscover fast, interesting fun facts about this great monument at Giza for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. In the mortuary temple the foundations and the inner core were made of limestone. Private 4 Days Cairo Tour Packages for American Travelers Deeper into the pyramid he discovered another basalt sarcophagus that was richly decorated and contained the remains of a young woman. The Fourth Dynasty lasted from around2613 to 2494 B.C. It was constructed of limestone and Aswan granite. Find fascinating fun facts about the memorial for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. The pyramid of Menkaure was known in the ancient Egyptian language as "Netjer-er-Menkaure" which means "Menkaure Is Divine". Teams of workers were divided into groups responsible for the construction of one part of the pyramid complex. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. The causeway was 1,995 feet in length. The monument was plundered for its stone and by tomb robbers and it still shows the damage on its north face. , Cite this page as: Dr. Amy Calvert, "Pyramid of Menkaure," in, Reframing Art History, a new kind of textbook, Guide to AP Art History vol. There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Workmen recruited to demolish the pyramid stayed at their job for eight months, but found it almost as expensive to destroy as to build. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. If you see the aerial view of this vast mortuary complex, you would assume that the Pyramid of Menkaure is relatively small. We have defined the word of professionalism throughout the tours that we have arranged through the past years as it is not just business to us but it is a matter of proving to the whole world that we are the best travel agency in the middle east who can arrange perfect well-organized tours in Egypt with the whole required element to make it one of its kind. The height of the pyramid is now 204 feet (61 meters). Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients. Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the finest atmosphere until you return home. Menkaure pyramid is the shortest of all the trees as it stands at a height of 65.5 m (215 ft). Some of the skilled workers were paid for their work and they resided in permanent villages near the construction site. This coffin contained human bones that were most probably not Menkaures as its assumed the pyramid was accessed in Roman times. The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot but sometimes it becomes cold at night and winter is cool and mild. Artifacts have been found depicting the Pharaoh with two of his wives named Rekhetre and Khamerernebty. His successor was named Shepseskaf and its assumed that he completed the temple complex near the Pyramid. Updated: 11 December, 2021. Made the temple as his monument for his father, the king of upper and lower Egypt. It also has a base length of 102.2 by 104.6 meters (335 feet 343 feet). The fact that the structure once contained a pink granite sarcophagus,[8] however, has led scholars to speculate that it may have been reused as a queen's burial tomb, or that it served as a chapel where the body of Menkaure was mummified. The upper portion was cased in the normal manner with Tura limestone. Read more about is it safe to travel to Egypt. Check now the best Egypt vacation tour packages & enjoy an unforgettable trip to the wonders of Pharaohs. In Ancient Egypt, the pyramid was originally referred to as Menkaure is Divine, and even though the reign of this particular pharaoh from the 4th Dynasty remains relatively obscure, we can be positive that he was the one who commissioned it. The first 16 layers of the exterior were clad in Aswan red granite. transported to England for examination the ship it was on, named Beatrice, sunk in the Mediterranean Sea. Its casing is partly of granite, like the main pyramid, and is believed to have been completed due to the limestone pyramidion found close by. The Pyramid of Menkaure still stands 61 meters (200 feet) tall from an original height of about 65 meters (213 feet). The 'Valley Temple' contained statues of the pharaoh and was a site of worship and the starting point of the funeral ceremonies and rituals. These pyramids are now referred to as G3-a, G3-b, and G3-c, and only the easternmost of the 3 is a true pyramid that was completed. Priests performed daily funerary rites and presented daily offerings to the dead kings ka (protective spirit). The pyramid's date of construction is unknown, because Menkaure's reign has not been accurately defined, but it was probably completed in the 26th century BC. It forms part of the Giza Necropolis, that includes three main pyramids, the Great Sphinx of Giza, several cemeteries and a workers' village. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies. He found the burial chamber on July 28, 1837, which featured a wooden anthropoid coffin that had Menkaures name inscribed on it. It now stands at 61m (200ft) tall with a base of 108.5m (356ft). The monument was opened in the 1830's by Colonel Howard-Vyse. Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees. It is a few hundred meters southwest of its larger neighbors, the pyramid of Khafre and the Great Pyramid of Khufu in the Giza necropolis. The three small, subsidiary pyramids were built next to the monument, one of them was believed to be the tomb of Queen Khamerernebty.

Ancient Mediterranean: 3500 B.C.E.-300 C.E. The valley temple of the complex is made of limestone and mudbricks but some structures are built of alabaster. [4], The Menkaure Valley temple was excavated between 1908 and 1910 by American archaeologist George Andrew Reisner. All our teammates have vast experience from more than 5 to 15 years in the field of creating the most incredible Egypt Egypt tours & vacation packages, Egypt Nile cruises, Egypt day tours & excursions, and Egypt shore excursions that have won the praise of all our client as shown by own clients on TripAdvisor. This possibly indicates the growing influence of the priests of Ra and a shift from building pyramids to a greater emphasis being placed on the construction of temples. You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Luckily the job of dismantling the pyramids was extremely difficult and the attempt was abandoned. Although Menkaure's pyramid was much smaller than the Great Pyramid, also on the Giza plateau, his mortuary temple was grander than that of the Great Pyramid. This is also most probably the reason why the upper section was clad with local Tura Limestones. For additional facts and information about the pharaoh who built the Third Pyramid at Giza refer to King Menkaure. It was one of the few sarcophagi from the Old Kingdom that survived and today, only the lid of it can be admired at the British Museum in London. The temple has many pillars in the courtyard and a small shrine with plastered and whitewashed walls. Published: 12 April, 2021 There are a number of intact statues of Menkaure inside the valley temple. What Are the Finest Destinations to Visit in Egypt? If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour. What are Special Advice for Foreign Women in Egypt? [5], South of the pyramid of Menkaure are three smaller pyramids, designated G3-a, G3-b, and G3-c, each with accompanied by a temple and substructure. The sarcophagus was never recovered. His burial complex consisted of: The Pyramidal monumentThree subsidiary pyramidsMortuary TempleThe causeway (a raised roadway) that led to the Valley Temple. The Menkaure pyramid was constructed using granite and limestone. To be able to actually see the places and artifacRead More. As seen from the above aerial photograph it was the smallest of the pharaoh's pyramids on the Giza plateau. Regardless of their apparently small size, the completed pyramid is a square that originally stood 28.4 meters (93 feet) tall and that has a base length of 44 meters (144 feet), which isnt small by any means! The lid from the anthropoid coffin mentioned above was successfully transported to England and may be seen today at the British Museum.[3]. Thats the equivalent of the length of a football pitch, which is anything but small, right? Near the Pyramid of Menkaure stand 3 satellite pyramids called the Queen's Pyramids; construction on all three was never completed. and archaeological evidence makes us suggest that Menkaure was the son and successor of Pharaoh Khafre, the son of Khufu, both the builders of the two largest pyramids at Giza. The pharaoh died before his monument was completed and the building was finished by Shepseskaf, his son and heir. Centuries of erosion and sinking into the sand have led to the decrease in height. On the north side of the pyramid is a long vertical gash. The passage was barred with a granite barrier consisting of three blocks. Part of the granite was left in the rough. The stunning diad of the, https://smarthistory.org/pyramid-of-menkaure/, Chapter highlight! Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes, Nemrut Da (tomb of King Antiochus I Theos), The Regolini-Galassi tomb and the Parade Fibula, Temple of Minerva and the sculpture of Apollo (Veii), City of Rome overvieworigins to the archaic period, Roman funeral rituals and social status: The Amiternum tomb and the tomb of the Haterii, The Modern Invention of Ancient White Marble, An introduction to ancient Roman architecture, The archaeological context of the Roman Forum (Forum Romanum), Seizure of Looted Antiquities Illuminates What Museums Want Hidden, Looting, collecting, and exhibiting: the Bubon bronzes, The rediscovery of Pompeii and the other cities of Vesuvius, Room M of the Villa of Publius Fannius Synistor, Boscoreale, Tomb of the Scipios and the sarcophagus of Scipio Barbatus, Bronze head from a statue of the Emperor Hadrian, Romes layered history the Castel SantAngelo, The Severan Tondo: Damnatio memoriae in ancient Rome. Pharaoh Menkaure's pyramid base measures 338 feet (103.4 meters). Rethinking a modern attribution. Its pretty much dwarfed in size by the enormous pyramids of Khufu and Khafre. They could only remove one or two stones each day. Its angle of incline is approximately 512025. The Pyramid of Menkaure is what is defined as a "true pyramid" meaning it is a pyramid with smooth sides; this was an improvement in construction for the ancient Its assumed that his reign started around the year 2530 B.C. Trebonianus Gallus emperor or athlete? Despite their efforts, workmen were only able to damage the pyramid to the extent of leaving a large vertical gash at its northern face. Some used wedges and levers to move the stones, while others used ropes to pull them down. Read more about festivals & publich holidays in Egypt. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Ordinary homes, even the royal palaces, were constructed using mud bricks that easily perished in time.

This large gash was created by an attempt to demolish the pyramids at Giza, starting with the Pyramid of Menkaure. Menkaure's pyramid had an original height of 65.5 meters (215ft), and was the smallest of the three major pyramids at the Giza Necropolis. The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. Menkaure Pyramid of Giza - Ancient Egyptians - Pictures - Giza - Mycerinus - Eygptians - Ancient Egypt - Ancient Egyptians - Kids - Children - Giza - Mycerinus - Research - Schools - Homework - Eygptians - Egyption - Egypt - History - Ancient - Pictures - Images - Kids - Children - Kids - Facts - Eygptians - Interesting - Information - Kids - Children - Kids - Research - Ancient Egypt - Egyptology - Old Egypt - Egyptology - Egypten - Egyption - Egipt - Menkaure Pyramid of Giza - Travel - Tours - Nile Cruise - Giza - Mycerinus - Holiday - Vacation - Eygpt - Written By Linda Alchin.
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