what is a toponym in human geography


Maps for the area changes of land use demonstrate the change of land use throughout history. The differences between ethnic group using the toponym mapping method and data in the 1990s demonstrate the migration of ethnic groups, and centrographic analysis helps one to visualize this evolution. Q: Where were the French settlements concentrated? Clusters of town toponyms are scattered in the Pearl River Delta and Chaozhou-Shantou area. The Chinese city of Xianyang, for example, was named 2000 years ago, and its name is still in use today. Select the West Indies bookmark. Immigrants who first entered the Xi River Corridor integrated with Nanyue and Luoyue people during the Dang and Song Dynasty (6181279 AD) and formed a new subgroup called Cantonese. Select East Coast. Globalization. Retail and wholesale services are both the largest and the fastest growing category of services in the U.S. Sequent occupance (Derwent Whittlesey-1929) The notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape, e. g. 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A negative value denotes a decrease in the land use type, while a positive value indicates increase in the land use type. After the Qing Dynasty (16361912 AD), Han migrants from the north continuously entered Lingnan and, because of different migration routes and regional environments, formed three subgroups of Han Chinese. The second is to explore the characteristics and variations of the four ethnic groups in geomorphology and land use. the action of changing from colonial to independent status. How has the world's population grown during the twentieth century? Migration prompted the expansion of agricultural areas from the west to the entire study area, especially the Pearl River Delta. Which of the following is the most important function of a toponym? Registered in England & Wales No. : the place-names of a region or language or especially the etymological study of them. The expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact. Toponymic studies examine the origin and development of an ethnic group, present the spatial patterns of a certain culture and reveal both man- made and physical environmental features of a region. To understand the changes of land use among each ethnic group, land use types in the 1980s and ratio of land use toponym were subtracted using the raster calculator to compute the increase and decrease in land use. To visualize the distribution of landscape features, both the FCA method and Kriging interpolation were applied. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=09zsXtsfmfk. Hint: Use the Claims layer again. Step 3: Open and read the map note located off the west coast of North America. The genesis of the toponym Forfar is uncertain. To identify types of regional landforms, the ratios of plain and mountainous and hilly area toponyms were compared, and each region was assigned the ratio with the larger value of landform type. Step 1: Go to the ArcGIS Online map, You Claim It, You Name It, and explore the map. Geoffrey could derive the name from a similar-sounding toponym . Hakka people expanded to the Pearl River Delta and some places in the west while the population in the north increased and the centroid moved south. niger issoufou worldatlas famous leaders president history Ex Field, MCI Center, Coors Field, Bank. The name of this residence is used to represent the statements, policies, programs and government of the United States. To visualize the distribution of ethnic group toponym, a common spatial smoothing method called the FCA method was applied. Toponymy, Descriptive toponyms are descriptions of the place whether it is the terrain or the plants farmed in the region by the first settlers in the land. In this respect, three types of information can be extracted from toponyms: spatial locations, temporal information and landscape (Calvo-Iglesias, Daz-Varela, Mndez-Martnez, & Fra-Paleo, 2012). Which of the following is an example of a physical site characteristic? How do toponyms reflect the culture of a region? Step 13: Click the button, Bookmarks. In the former Soviet Union, at least 27 cities were named after Vladimir Lenin, in particular Leningrad, Russias 2 nd largest city. This trend of naming cities, streets, and monuments after those in charge was particularly present in totalitarian and/or dictatorial states. Imperialism. What are the 10 basic American toponyms described by George Stewart? Swedish toponyms in Minnesota: Kalmar Township, Karlstad, Malmo Township, Mora, New Sweden Township, Ronneby, Scandia, Stockholm Township. Which of the following is the most important function of a toponym? After the Ming Dynasty, Cantonese and Hakka people continuously migrated to the Pearl River Delta and farmed in the area. Country Name Etymology Australia From Latin terra australis incognita, meaning Unknown Southern Land Brazil Named after the Portuguese name for the Brazilwood tree, pau-brasil Greenland An English name given by Eric the Red to attract settlers. How are regional place-names in the Americas tied to colonization? To some extent, the appearance of ancient towns reflected the development of the economy. Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society. This study aims to (1) visualize the distributions of the four ethnic groups and landscape features in Guangdong of China using a toponym mapping method, of which results were presented at 1:6,400,000 scale and (2) to explore the changes by comparing contemporary data, of which results were presented at 1:3,200,000 scale. The most common methods of naming places include the use of names of prominent people in the region or countries. The largest area in which towns have increased is the Pearl River Delta. The ancient town name Xu originated from the Yue language and extended to the entire Guangdong province as the commodity economy boomed after the Ming dynasty. What is time space compression in human geography? Q: How were missions and mining settlements distributed? France, officially French Republic, French France or Rpublique Franaise, country of northwestern Europe. The suffix -inium is thought to have been common among the Romans. Map for elevation using the toponym mapping method shows that mountainous and hilly land in the Hakka residential zone are the dominant landform, while the largest plain is in the Pearl River Delta where Cantonese people lived. A primate city is the dominant city among a countrys urban areas. Geographys most important tool for thinking spatially about the distribution of features across Earth is a map: [B]efore travel began a map existed first (Zbigniew Her- bert, Home, in Still Life with a Bridle). What is a toponym in human geography example? Toponymy refers to the study of geographical names, or place names, of a particular region. A toponym, therefore, is a name for a place. ESRI ArcGIS 10.2 was used for spatial analysis and statistical analysis. The landscape features of this city still exist today.

We use cookies to improve your website experience. Some Arabic Toponyms In Africa Cairo- victorious Sudan- land of the blacks Sahara- wasteland or wilderness, Swedish Toponymy in the US The Geography of Swedish names reflects the immigration patterns of the 19 th century. A negative value denotes emigration of an ethnic group, while a positive value indicates immigration of an ethnic group. (Hint: turn on the Claims layer.). New Jersey got its name from the largest of the British Channel Islands, Jersey. Step 9: Click on Show Map Legend for the layer name, Settlements 1655. Step 12: Keep the Missions layer on, and turn on the layer, Mining Towns. Geographical names or place names (or toponyms) are the proper nouns applied to topographical features and settled (and used) places and spaces on the earths surface. The concept of toponym mapping proposed in this paper refers to the use of toponyms as original thematic data, employing spatial analysis and cartographic methods to show the complex rules and characteristics of toponyms in an intuitive way on a map of the region (Slingsby, Wood, & Dykes, 2010). A name associated with something that happened there. Geographer Mark Jefferson coined the term in the 1930s and defined a primate city as one that is twice as large as the next largest city in the urban hierarchy of a country and twice as significant economically. Because spatial interpolation errors exist, a difference between 10% and 10% was regarded as invariability. Barcelona (Spain) is 0.17 times as big as Madrid. Toponym mapping puts emphasis on revealing landscape features (Niu, 1988). During the pre-Qing Dynasty (before 221 BC), aboriginals occupying the region were mainly Naiyue, Luoyue and Minyue people who were collectively known as Baiyue people. What is the best example of a descriptive toponym? Select the Trinidad bookmark. Nome appears as a toponym in several places in Norway. As Han Chinese people entered Lingnan, they started farming in the northern and eastern Guangdong province. A form of diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place. PARIS, France: No, the citys name does not come from the fictional Paris from Homers Iliad. Step 11: Click the button, Bookmarks. In other words, it is the spreading of an underlying principle of an idea when the idea as a whole cannot spread to a particular culture. Paddy and irrigated land toponyms are concentrated in the Leizhou Peninsula and scattered throughout the north and northeast of Guangdong province. Trend surface analysis, a global spatial interpolation method, was then used to generate a continuous surface for the entire study area. Toponymy can uncover important historical information about a place, such as the period of time the original language of the inhabitants lasted, settlement history, and population dispersal. Toponym: The name given to a place on Earth. Peru Unknown, most common theory is that it was derived from biru, a native word for river. What is an example of imperialism AP Human Geography? Maps for the area of paddy and irrigated land, water and town in the 1980s show the distribution of land use type in the precent time. Carteret served as the governor of the then Jersey and it was renamed to New Jersey after his death. Step 14: Open and read the map note near Cuba. Place-names are therefore of major social importance. They are based off of who owned the land at the time. Select California-Regional. Example: Germany taking over France. Place-name study can also provide insight to religious changes in an area, such as the conversion to Christianity. As mentioned previously, toponyms were classified according to generic names to reconstruct past landscape features and view changes over time. These were the ancestors of the subsequent subgroups of Han Chinese.

By classifying generic names, toponyms associated with different ethnic groups can be identified in our work. Immigration and emigration of ethnic groups were examined through centrographic analysis and comparisons of toponym ratios associated with populations in the 1990s. Longest place (town) name Given to a town in Wales To preserve the Welsh language and diminish the influence of the English language Can you pronounce this name? ", Arizona wants to create a new golf course in one of their driest cities. Decolonization. the word Madrid is a toponym because of its designates. Lithosphere. Based on the classification of generic names of the four ethnic groups, there are two main aims in this paper. Human Geography Lab Manual by R. Adam Dastrup, MA, GISP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. During the Song Dynasty (9601279 AD), many Min people migrated to the Chaozhou-Shantou area under the strain of increasing population in the southern Fujian province, which allowed the culture in this area to merge with Min culture (Xie, 2013). the use of the earths renewable and nonrenewable natural resources in ways that ensure resource availability in the future. Each ethnic group has its own toponym features that are reflected in generic names. Maps for distribution of ethnic group population in the 1990s show the population proportion using dialects by county in the present time. Toponym: The name given to a place on Earth, Descriptive- A toponym that derives from physical features. The method of least squares is used to minimize the sum of the squares of the errors made when obtaining the results of each equation. Q: Besides toponyms, colonization and these early claims affect religion, language, architecture, and more. A toponym is thus a useful tool to identify variation and trends in cultural and natural landscape features over time. Select California-Local. As described by Wang (2010), FCA can calculate the ratio of place names of a specific ethnic group among all other place names. To map the distribution of ethnic groups after the 1980s, we collected demographics of the Zhuang, Cantonese, Hoklo and Hakka people from The distribution of Min Dialect in Guangdong Province and its similarities and differences of phonology, distribution of dialects in Guangdong and History of Hakka in Guangdong (Gan & Jian, 2010; Lin, 1994; Tan, 2010). Therefore, in this study, toponyms were classified according to ethnic groups and landscape meanings to present both the spatial patterns of the four ethnic groups as well as man-made and physical landscape features. Other names used included Londinio, Londiniesi, and Londiniensium. This pattern is largely due to the planning of Northern towns and cities in accordance with the compass. To examine the immigration and emigration of ethnic groups, population proportion in the 1990s and toponyms ratio were subtracted using a raster calculator to compute increases and decreases of population. Hakka dialects are common in eastern and northeastern Guangdong, while the Hoklo dialect is spoken in the Chaozhou-Shantou area. Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysi liogogogoch The name means: The Church of St. Mary in the hollow of white hazel near the rapid whirlpool by the church of St. Tysilio of the red cave. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email. The name the Rocky Mountains describes the topography of the place. Largest U. S. Cities Named After a Food Orange, CA Citrus Height, CA Appleton, WI Walnut Creek, CA Sugar Land, TX Apple Valley, CA Port Orange, FL Coconut Creek, FL Pearland, TX, Some Strange U. S. Toponyms Accident, Maryland Between, Georgia Bingo, Maine Bird in Hand, Pennsylvania Blowout, Texas Blue Ball, Pennsylvania Boring, Oregon Ding Dong, Texas Cocked Hat, Delaware Intercourse, Pennsylvania No Name, Ohio Poverty, Kentucky, Strange Toponyms (U. S. ): Bodies of Water Big Bone Lick, Kentucky Frying Pan Creek, Washington Idiot Creek, Oregon Marijuana Tank, New Mexico Pee Creek, Ohio Molasses River, Michigan, Strange Toponyms (U. S. ): Mountains & Hills Bad Marriage Mountain, Montana Big Butt, North Carolina Bitch Mountain, New York Hateful Hill, Vermont Killer Mountain, Oklahoma, Toponyms have their roots in Migration Movement Interaction among people, Toponym and cartography v. Some toponyms on maps depend on who produced the map v. Some contested places have more than one name at the same time v. Example: the Malvinas (Argentineans); Falkland Islands (British) v. U. S. place names are governed by the United States Board of Geographic Names, established in 1890 by President Benjamin Harrison v. Decides what toponyms appear on government produced maps. Liberia- from LatinLiber(freedom), Places named after People Bolivia Simon Bolivar Colombia Christopher Columbus El Salvador Jesus America Amerigo Vespucci (Former) Rhodesia Cecil Rhodes Philippines King Philip II of Spain Washington, D. C. George Washington Georgia (US) King George of England Baltimore Lord Baltimore Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City- Self Explanatory, U. S. STATE NICKNAMES Connecticut: Georgia: Peach State Constitution State Florida: Sunshine State North Carolina: Tar Heel State, Places Named After Peace Jerusalem, Israel. 3099067 Table 1 shows the generic names we selected and the classification results. System composing of living organisms. Biotic. They identify geographical entities of different kinds and represent irreplaceable cultural values of vital significance to peoples sense of well-being and feeling at home. Location. Step 4: Click the button, Bookmarks. Toponym Classification Toponymist George R. Stewart developed a classification system based on 10 basic categories of place-names: Descriptive Names (Rocky Mts) Associate Names (Mill Valley, CA) Incident Names (Battle Creek, MI) Possessive Names (Johnston City, TX) Commemorative Names (San Francisco, CA) Commendatory Names (Paradise Valley, AZ) Folk-Etymology Names (Plains, GA) Manufactured Names (Truth or Consequence, NM) Shift Names (Lancaster, PA; Alpine Mountain) Mistake names, involving historic errors in identification or translation (Lasker, North Carolina); named after Alaska Each category is directly associated with cultural geography. After the Cantonese became the dominant ethnic group in western Guangdong, the Cantonese dialect was popularized in the Xi River Corridor and the Pearl River Delta.

Step 8: Click the checkbox to the left of the layer name, Settlements 1655. Earths crust and a portion of the upper mantle directly below. Maps for elevation using digital elevation data in 2000 shows the elevation obtained through the Digital Elevation Database. Toponyms, also known as place names, are the names of certain geographical regions (Chu, Yin, & Sun, 2009) and represent a subjective interpretation of the living environment by the local inhabitants at the time of naming (Conedera, Vassere, Neff, Meurer, & Krebs, 2007). The historical settlement patterns can be reconstructed from toponyms on the condition that a place named by an ethnic group has been unchanged. These studies view toponyms as cultural and geographical characteristics and are based on the deconstruction of toponym structure. Toponyms serve as symbols of regional culture and thus reflect the history, habitat and environment of a place.

A name in order to honor a famous person. Just as a generic name indicates the category of a geographic entity (Pang, Liu, & Tian, 2010), toponyms can be classified according to generic names (Chu et al., 2009). How can both be TRUE? True/False, Chapter 4: Cultural Patterns and Processes, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. What is decolonization AP Human Geography? People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. Q: What were the dominant languages used for Trinidads place names? North Garden, Staples Center, etc. The name the, The name comes from the German city of Hamburg, and. What is stimulus diffusion in AP Human Geography? ). Furthermore, centrographic analysis was applied to visualize the movements of the centroid. Maps for the change of ethnic groupss distribution show the migration of the four ethnic groups.

Australian toponymy reflects the composition of the early colonial society, with Englishmen and occasional Scots at the top and the Irish at the bottom. Through globalization, Mcdonalds went from being a local fast-food restaurant in the US to a global sensation in the fast-food industry. What is a geographers most important tool for thinking spatially? Hale concluded that when Spanish explorers came upon the Baja California Peninsula, they named it California, after the fictional island in de Montalvos book, because the explorers thought the peninsula was an island, east of the Indies, similar to the island described in de Montalvos novel. Step 7: With the Details button underlined, click the button, Show Contents of Map (Content). Trend surface modeling assumes that known values (ratios of name places) at any location can be expressed by a polynomial equation, such aswhere is the observed value, is the theoretical value and is the residual value (Xu, 2006). Place Name- Often referred to as a places toponym (the, Geographical names or place names (or toponyms) are the proper nouns applied to topographical features and settled (and used) places and spaces on the earths surface. Cantonese tend to have migrated from north to south, and the centroid of Cantonese moved to the Pearl River Delta. How is Mcdonalds an example of globalization? When calculating the ratio of place names in an ethnic group, a binary variable was used to classify these names (1 for the ethnic group needing to be examined and 0 for the other three ethnic groups). The reason for so many languages in the region is because Trinidad was a contested land, switching between influential countries multiple times. When a proper name is used as a metonym, technically this is called a toponym. Additionally, historical land use was compared with land use in the 1980s, which was obtained from data sharing infrastructure of Earth System Science (http://www.geodata.cn/). This geographical feature creates a relatively closed environment, which facilitates the preservation of local toponyms. During the Song and Yuan Dynasty (9601368 AD), migrants from the north entered the southern and northeast Guangdong province and formed a subgroup called Hakka. The island was founded by Sir John Berekely, and Sir George Carteret. Stimulus diffusion. How are regional place names in the Americas tied to colonization? Netherlands Greek for Low Lands. Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. What is Toponymy? In the U. S. , River Rouge or Isle Royale- evidence of French settlement - French reverse naming order Specific dialectical regions of the U. S. also have their own unique toponyms. Commodification of Toponyms Refers to the practice of buying, trading, and selling of place toponyms to promote popular culture Some examples: Tokyo Disneyland, Paris Disneyland, and Disneyworld in the U. S. In the area of sports, many arenas are named after corporations, e. g. Gillette Stadium, Fed.

Some generic names are unique to an ethnic group and have a specific meaning, which allows us to identify the ethnic group according to generic names. To reconstruct both the distribution of ethnic groups and landscape features as shown in Main Map, toponyms were selected from The New Century Atlas in Guangdong Province (Guangdong Map Publishing House, 2010), which covers detailed toponyms in Guangdong province at the township level. A toponym is composed of both a specific name and a generic name, and the latter describes the landscape in more detail (Seidl, 2008). Q: How are regional place names in the Americas tied to colonization? Toponymy is the scientific study of place- names, along with their origins and meanings, based on etymological, historical, and geographical information, Toponym The name given to a particular place, Toponym Each place is A unique location A reflection of peoples ideas, and tangible creations Giving a place a name, gives the place certain character, e. g. Mount Prospect and Mount Misery People make places; they do not exist in a vacuum A toponym can give us a quick glimpse into the history of a place. Register a free Taylor & Francis Online account today to boost your research and gain these benefits: Toponym mapping: a case for distribution of ethnic groups and landscape features in Guangdong, China, School of Resource and Environment Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Peoples Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Geographic Information System, Ministry of Education, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Peoples Republic of China, Mapping spatial attributes in survey research for natural resource management: methods and applications, Using place names for mapping the distribution of vanishing historical landscape features: The Agras field system in northwest Spain, Using toponymy to reconstruct past land use: a case study of brusada (burn) in southern Switzerland, The distribution of Min dialect in Guangdong province and its similarities and differences of phonology, Geographies of toponymic inscription: New directions in critical placename studies, Significance of toponyms, with emphasis on field names, for studying cultural landscape, Toponymy and soil nomenclature in the Netherlands, Historical geographical study of place names in Guangdong, Treemap cartography for showing spatial and temporal traffic patterns, Can place names be used as indicators of landscape changes? geography region ap human visit
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