subject complement examples gerund


(The gerund is removed. tanzund the present participle dancing, which is usually used as an adjective

You can also replace these phrases with basic nouns to ensure that they are in fact gerund phrases. ), Some people consider my interest in gardening an obsession.

(Traveling is the gerund here. 44s\r$WS@Y# 7u[5NirV&S Amendment of the U. S. Constitution, A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.. Smitty claims that Alaska is the coldest, loneliest place that he has ever visited, is a reasonable sentence. A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. Transitive verb do (The gerund is removed), The police arrested him for loitering. But Short list, eh?! Well see them in one of four positions in a sentence: subject, subject complement, object, or object of a preposition. Consider the sentence: Sir Thomas having finished breakfast, his butler removed the dishes and tableware..

his constituents (direct object of the action expressed in gerund). It is used as a complement when the verb comes after a preposition. Subscribers get access to our archives with 800+ interactive exercises! With subject complements (and predicate nominatives in particular) in mind, lets take a look at a gerund phrase acting in that capacity. It should be stated as: While gardening in the summertime, I built up a resistance to hot weather. Is it possible to find irregular ones in other languages? Yet, since a gerund operates as a noun, it occupies some places in a sentence that a noun ordinarily would, for instance, subject, subject complement, direct object, and object of preposition.

Examples of gerund phrases as subjects include: The verbs in these sentences are "is," "exhilarates," "warms," and "leads."

), The police arrested him for criminal activity. It would be as you say if my interest were to garden an obsession (to make an obsession grow, if you will). A typical sentence will have a subject, a verb indicating what that subject is doing, and an object thats responding to the verb. @Warsaw Will Obviously not. As a result,I could write a good sentence, but I could not tell you why it was right or good. (The gerund is followed by a modifying adverbial phrase, forming a gerund phrase.

Gerund phrases are formed when you add more words to the gerund in a sentence, such as: A gerund phrase starts with a gerund and includes other modifiers or objects. What did you practice? And as others have said gardening, not gardening an obsession (which makes no sense), is the object of the preposition in.

subject verb agreement, I am not so sure about (C) though it sounds a little vague, so is this sentence. If the words or word order of this sentence were changed, would this change the ruling here?

(DO our son; OC John). ), 2. I stewed about that for a long time, but have seen them in concert a couple of times since. gerund When the gerund is a noun, it can be the complement of the action described by the verb. stream

Smitty claims Alaska is not. Gerund phrases are a tricky bunch because theyre created out of verbs but function as nouns. (The gerund is removed.).

Direct Object Direct object my gardening

What Is the Plural of Moose? Please tell me if there is a gerund in this sentence. Ive only really learnt these sort of grammatical terms in the last few years, first as an EFL teacher and second because I write a language blog for foreign students. gerund x]KsW;jI|Svv8JLN[RtIPbJ@ {s{&G^?>RUM'cLUwSS~}*SPVM7U[\&%G~=xz9+g{px{{rsQMr0

I know what a gerund is; that is, I can recognize one when I see one. A gerund is a verbal ending with -ing and functions as a noun. @thebluebird11: only DWT knows this LOL ?? Gerund phrases that act as subject complements follow forms of the verb "to be," such as "is," "were" and "have been." This is the form that ends in ing.

Ah, another article that wouldve been extremely helpful for me way back when learning to write in grade school & high schoolIm pretty sure I never knew what a gerund was until college! Subject Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? The -ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); You have entered an incorrect email address! A gerund phrase is a collection of words consisting of a gerund and a modifier(s) and/or noun phrase(s) or (pro)noun(s) that operate as the indirect object(s), direct object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state represented in the gerund, for example: Finding a polar bear in a snowstorm would be easier than what theyre trying to do. Thanks for the explanations! I was rolling along fine with examples #1 and #2 above, but when I got to your second example in #3, I came to a screaching halt.

and Dont Make a Meese-take! Isnt your audience people learning about English? @Warsaw Will: Read my lips: I do not understand all this! He is doing summer workbooks per my instructions. For example, what do happy dogs enjoy? For example, the sentence Gardening in the summertime, I built up a resistance to hot weather contains a present participle phrase, which includes a participle, a verb functioning as an adjective or an adverb. In any event, great article and stimulating discussion!

All good stuff, but I am reminded of my days as a college English instructor, during which I would often say to a student, your sentence lacks a verb, to which the inevitable response would be, Whats a verb?.

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Sign up to make the most of YourDictionary. That said, I think I communicate with more clarity than most, um, scholars. Adjectives used only in Attributive Position, Adjectives used only in Predicative Position, Inanimate Possessive Case in Time Phrases, Prepositions after verbs, adjectives and before nouns, Used to vs To Be Used to vs To Get Used to, ShortLink: https://open.books4languages.com/english-b1-grammar/?p=82. I am not proud of being able to speak English without understanding the basics of grammar (I have never told my friends; only DWT knows this LOL). (The gerund phrase is gardening an obsession.). Some people consider my interest in gardening an obsession. Marks sentence is absolutely fine; its only his interpretation that is a problem. Adverbial of time this year, My son just completed 8th grade. The gerund phrase is actually performing the action in the sentence. I am happy to be able to speak and write the language very well, and embarrassed to admit that I cant understand the fine details of grammar. Privacy Policy. Verbal phrases contain verbals and a couple of modifiers. Heres the thingI read quite well, and I have been doing so since I was very young.

and refer back to the subject In Example 3, Mr. Nichol left out to be, and that sentence should have concluded with: I am enjoying my gardening this year. Here are some examples of gerund phrases functioning as objects.

It would be nice if your explanations did not require explanation. (DO him; OC charming) See if you can determine how it's functioning, and how much more information it supplies in a sentence! Verbals are verbs that act as another part of speech, such as adjectives, adverbs or nouns. Gerunds and gerund phrases rarely require punctuation. a polar bear (direct object of action expressed in gerund), in a snowstorm (prepositional phrase as adverb).

I have seen sentences along the lines of They claim Alaska You can substitute any of these gerund phrases with another noun, such as "basketball,".

Understanding verb phrases is helpful when speaking, writing and avoiding grammar mistakes. my interest in, (C) Its all about expressing a complete thought. vut.6A*@0x. Can you please tell me the gerund phrase in this sentence: Julies favorite pastime is running along the trails near the park.

Copyright 2005 - Present | Critic Capital LLC | All Rights Reserved, Traveling might fulfill your urge for new adventures. ), I do my gardening in the morning. The four types of gerunds and gerund phrases follow: 1. The structure is: we start with the subject followed by a verb and a complement, which has the form of a gerund. You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free. When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund.

(A) In my opinion Some people consider my interest in gardening an obsession is correct. Our hope is that you appreciate my extending this opportunity to you. See how gerund phrases differ from infinitive phrases with these examples of infinitive phrases. Other examples of object complements are: She thought him charming. I do my gardening in the morning I = my gardening? @Bob Howell well spotted. The gerund phrases are performing these actions, and the rest of the sentence explains more about the gerund phrase.

Gardening an obsession? The gerund phrase operates as the direct object of the verb appreciate. Subject complements only happen with linking (or copular verbs) like be, become, seem etc. Once you can identify a gerund phrase, you'll know more about the sentence's structure. There is no need for to be, as an obsession is, as I said, an object complement. @Mark: Gerunds might as well be gerbils, for all I can figure this out! The gerund phrase operates as the object of the preposition for. These gerund phrases answer questions posed by the verbs in the sentence. (The gerund here is singing. Keep reading to learn more about gerund phrases and how they work. The gerund phrase operates as the subject of the sentence. Yes!

My spelling and my vocabulary skills are also proficient. (The gerund here is sleeping. Take the example of the word smoking. (Breathing through my nose.) Open TextBooks are collaborative projects, with people from all over the world bringing their skills and interests to join in the compilation and dissemination of knowledge to everyone and everywhere. (The gerund here is loitering. only Dancing With der Teufel knows this? Object complement an obsession.

Hes given up smoking now smoking is the direct object of the phrasal verb give up, also a noun function. (The direct object of the subject is my gardening this year.), 3.

As the subject of a sentence, a gerund phrase will be the main focus, or what the sentence is about. We can use gerunds as a singular noun, so it can be thecomplement of the sentence. (The gerund phrase is gardening an obsession.), 4. the complete sentence is just giving it more embodiment. When used as a noun, it is considered a gerund.

We can use gerund as the complement of the sentence.

What Is The Difference Between Fast And Quick?, Should You Say Substituted For Or Substituted With?. So smoking could be said to be a word based on a verb and expressing an action. Keep reading for explanations and examples of the three types of verbals: gerunds, infinitives and participles. Being the leader made Tim feel uncomfortable. My neighbors admire my gardening. 6. and I do apologize for the screaching [sic] typo.

Mama mia! Subject I

Prepositional phrase in the morning, And to be a bit nickpitty, I also have problems with this one: (Playing with plush toys.) Subject Complement

my (possessive pronoun adjective form and modifies the gerund), you (indirect object of the action expressed in gerund), this opportunity (direct object of the action expressed in gerund).

@thebluebird11: You are absolutely correct. . Indirect object (rare) -He gave her wonderful singing top marks. Direct object my gardening D.A.W. BusinessWritingBlog has been helping you become a business writing expert since 2005. I remember learning the grammatical term for the introductory Sir Thomas having finished breakfast but wracking my brain for weeks cannot remember it.

Some people consider my interest in gardening an obsession. Verb am enjoying ), They do not value my assistance. Gerund phrases begin with gerunds, which are -ing verbs that function as nouns. He is afraid of losing her. = Gerund losing is used after a preposition of as the complement of the sentence. While gardening in the summertime is clearly a subordinate adjectival phrase, but the interpretation of the other one is sheer guesswork. I typed tanzund when I should have typed tanzend. Created with use of Wordpress and Pressbooks. For example:

In German, there are different forms: the leader (subject complement for Tim, via state of being expressed in gerund). I have to say, as much as I love your tips, your site, and your course that I did, you do not explain some things in plain English. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our websiteAccept cookies gerund phrase begins with gerund acts like noun, The Gerund Phrase: What It Is & How It Works, The school activity Mary hated the most was, The most challenging part of the workout has been, My doctor wrote me a note to excuse me from.

You will improve your English in only 5 minutes per day, guaranteed! I consider Christine McVie and Donna Summer to be the two finest singers whom I have haver heard., We also see the same kind of problem with the verb claim. The fact that you comment on this blog means youre obviously interested, and there are plenty of grammar sites to help you (my own included). The gerund phrase operates as the subject complement. . If a sentence resembling one of these statements includes a comma, its likely to contain a present participle phrase, not a gerund phrase. Nope, that is impossible. (The other two are participles and infinitives.) (DO Mr James; OC chairman) I am not now, nor have I ever been good at diagramming sentences because I could never quite master the rules of grammar. Copyright 2007 - 2021 Daily Writing Tips . Someone did point out to me rather recently that in English, all of the present participles are regular. I need help. The verb consider often takes an object complement, either a noun, as here, or an adjective, as in He considered her actions foolhardy. I hope I was able to share some insight?

I found this site while searching for a simple explanation on gerunds.

A gerund rarely ever needs any punctuation with it. %PDF-1.3 Thanks for the short, concise explanations on gerunds. Smoking is bad for you smoking is the subject, a noun function Likewise, nobody can claim Greenland, since it belongs to Denmark and it is part of the Kingdom of Denmark, and by international treaty, nobody can claim Antarctica. Confusion with Present Participle Phrases Find out more on how we use cookies in our Privacy Policy and Cookies Policy . Thanks for all your great tips in writing (Grammar etc. Key factors such as sentence placement and suffixes can help you identify these amorphous verbs. Put basically, a verb form is functioning as a noun, not as a verb. The gerund phrase cannot be gardening an obession since what is an obsession is my interest. As far as the grammar issue, however, if I had nothing else to do but eat bonbons, I would probably take your advice and sit down and tackle grammar. What did you think of our explanations and exercises? When writing, Its all about subject verb agreement and expressing a complete thought, allow me to rephrase the previous sentences so you can get a general idea of what I am trying to say? Alaska already belongs to the United States, and there is no way that anyone else can claim Alaska. It has this structure:

A gerund phrase contains a gerund plus , object(s), modifier(s), and/or complement(s). @Warsaw Will: I ALMOST went to see Tull in 1975, but my mother wouldnt let me go with the guy who invited me, whom I had only just met. Gardening is my favorite hobby. Mayor Winfields famous tactic has been babbling away to his constituents. This is a widespread mistake in English by people who do not realize that the verb consider should be followed by an infinitive phrase starting with to be. But they are only one kind of verbal phrase that can improve your writing and add more information. 3 0 obj

), I am enjoying my gardening this year. (DO John; OC John) We find somewhat the same construct (apart from the participular whiff of intrusive comma) in the 2. OK, Im lying; Im not too old to rock n roll and not too young to die. Can you identify the verb phrase in a sentence? (Gardening is normally a verb, but here it is the name of an activity. What Is The Difference Between Transitive and Intransitive Verbs? (Again, gardening is described as something done, not the act of doing it. For example, we can use the gerund phrase being rich, again with a noun function: Being rich has its advantages. subject (noun function)

The ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs.

Appositive His hobby, gardening, takes up all his spare time.

It appears that even the scholars cannot agree on what constitutes a gerund, so I would suppose Im a lost cause. You could try Googling exploring gerunds and gerund phrases for example, take the first one, and see how you get on. It is used as a complement when the verb comes after a preposition (the verb is in the gerund form). only Damnation With Torment knows this ?

As for verbs expressing a state of being we need look no further than be, whose gerund (still a verb form) is being. @thebluebird11 Thanks for giving me a good chuckle :)). Verb consider Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! (Henry) James considered The Ambassadors his most perfect work of art (DO The Ambassadors; OC his most perfect work of art), Weve named our son John. (B) Some people consider gardening an obsession.

But I doubt youre much older than I am. That means they follow a preposition in the sentence to provide more information. die Tanzen the infinitive to dance It has been greatly useful and I look forward to reading other articles of yours.

Your blog is also really great help (I just couldnt leave any comment on it though: how can I contact you?). Lets revise this content within the {Form} section. (The admiration is not for the action of gardening, but for the results of the action. Gerunds still have some verbal functions, and can have their own direct objects. You could get in trouble for making up an excuse to avoid work.

@DAW: DWT = Daily Writing TipsI used to play Acrophobia so lets not get started in that direction or it will be a loooooong day. ), They do not value my singing. My favorite hobby is gardening my favourite hobby = gardening All rights reserved. As much as my 52 years of life and almost 30 years of self-education has taught me, I cannot understand phrases such as this, words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function.. 5. Weve named our son John. In my opinion, the complete sentence Some people consider my interest in gardening an obsession is correct. ), Gardening in the summertime is a challenge because of the heat. Thanks for clarifying some of unclear parts; your explanation is very helpful indeed. But when its a gerund, we are using it as a noun, so then it is serving another grammatical function. (The gerund is removed. w2M \p5*rbY8e;@7*[^WUi:u-U].;ic4D4KRbHJ*b.Jm,sXb$~'

2022 LoveToKnow Media. Subject I I want to receive exclusive email updates from YourDictionary. Please, tell us how to improve the content here. In English, we have it much easier, especially since the three noun forms {Tanz, Tanzen, Tanzung} have three different genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Knowing that gerunds always function as nouns, remember that gerund phrases will also serve as nouns.

But this year isnt a direct object of my gardening, it is an adverbial modifying enjoying. Coincidentally, Jethro Tull was the first band I ever saw live, at the Marquee Club back in 68. Y\ve!O;`d-qFkCR0hY]+^q&L=/.cpPu8aBx8SwZXrjK'BPtc96z( That's because these words are functioning as nouns, not verbs. Take this example I like walking my dogs walking my dogs (and not walking) is certainly the direct object of like, but we also have my dogs as a direct object of walking.

They elected Mr James chairman. (Contrast it with the first example in that section: My favorite hobby is gardening.).

Lets say the sentence was, Some people consider my interest in gardening to be an obsession. Or, My interest in gardening is considered, by some people, an obsession. Now what? The object of the sentence is something thats receiving the action of the verb.

der Tanz the noun that mean dance. But Im too old to learn grammar! The statement is the inverse of the first sentence in this group; here My favorite hobby is the subject, and gardening is its complement.

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